Funding Announcements

Open Funding Opportunity Notices (FONs)

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17-1-01 Landscape fuel treatment strategies and wildfire management More Information Actions
The objective of this task statement is to inform planning and implementation of landscape fuel treatment strategies that allow for safe and effective management of wildfire to meet protection and resource management objectives. Projects funded under this task statement are intended to support the vision of the 2014 National Cohesive Wildfire Management Strategy, in particular progressing towards resilient landscapes. Research Needs: Research proposals are sought that evaluate the effectiveness of landscape fuel treatment strategies with a focus on the interaction between landscape fuel treatment strategies and subsequent wildfire management actions as they relate to the ability to implement safe, effective, and efficient wildfire management decisions. Specific research needs include: 1. Identify the characteristics of landscape fuel treatment strategies (e.g., distribution/saturation of treatments, type, age, location) that allow for effective and safe use by firefighters to manage wildfire for resource management objectives and asset protection. 2. Evaluate how the effectiveness of landscape fuel treatment strategies is constrained by different social (e.g., proximity to human communities, degree to which managers consider resource management objectives), ecological (e.g., vegetation type, fire regime), or other factors. 3. Develop metrics that are scientifically defensible and measureable for evaluating the effectiveness of landscape fuel treatment strategies in terms of allowing for safe and effective use by firefighters to manage wildfire for resource management objectives and asset protection. For proposals to be considered responsive to this task statement, proposals must address the first two research needs above. It is expected that these research needs will be addressed through retrospective analyses, modeling, or other feasible approach. Proposals that address the third research need as well are desirable but not required. Research needs under this task statement do not include an evaluation of the direct effect of landscape fuel treatments on resources.

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Closes on Nov 17, 2016

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17-1-02 Effects of changing wildfire management strategies More Information Actions
Objective: The objective of this task statement is to assess the degree to which wildfire management strategies have changed since the issuance of the 2009 Guidance for Implementation of the Federal Fire Policy and the effectiveness of such changes. Research Needs: The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is interested in proposals that using retrospective analyses, perhaps combined with modeling exercises, evaluate changing wildfire management strategies and the effectiveness of these strategies in meeting resource management objectives. Research needs include: 1. Quantify the extent to which wildfire response strategies and tactics have changed since issuance of the 2009 wildfire policy guidance and identify any barriers that have hampered these changes. 2. Describe the degree to which changing wildfire response strategies and tactics have had a beneficial or adverse impact on highly valued resources (e.g., human communities, air quality, wildlife habitat) or changed the risk of future wildfire to such resources. 3. Identify how the range of burning conditions (e.g., weather, fuels) affects the effectiveness of wildfire and wildfire management activities to meet specific objectives for managing fuels and vegetation. Proposers must address all three research needs above. The JFSP is particularly interested in studies that examine how responses to these questions differ by region, agency, vegetation type, or other significant factor. The JFSP expects that information on changing wildfire strategies can be inferred from an analysis of incident reports, interviews with incident commanders, or both.

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Data Management Plan

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Closes on Nov 17, 2016

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17-1-03 Post-fire recovery More Information Actions
Objective: The objective of this task statement is to advance our fundamental and applied understanding of post-fire recovery and associated management responses in ecosystems for which altered fire regimes may shape post-fire recovery trajectory(ies); in particular, for those ecosystems that span the range of the greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus). Research Needs: For each ecosystem proposed for study, specific research needs include: 1. Relationships (i.e., interactions with and implications for) between (a) pre-fire (e.g., existing native and non-native invasive vegetation) and immediately post-fire conditions (e.g., burn severity, amount of downed woody materials), (b) standard, immediate post-fire stabilization approaches (e.g., herbicide applications, seeding, erosion control) that respond to those particular conditions, and (c) long-term (i.e., three years and beyond) recovery actions. 2. How the phasing of recovery actions in general (i.e., not just related to immediate stabilization actions) either facilitate or adversely affect long-term recovery in the context of meeting management objectives, including desired ecosystem services. 3. Role of soil ecological processes and community structure and composition in facilitating or preventing invasion by non-native species that alter fire behavior. 4. Relative effectiveness of different soil and vegetation treatments (e.g., for woody plant species this could be different seeding or seedling establishment approaches at different spatial scales) in facilitating recovery. 5. Spatially and temporally explicit, robust (i.e., scientifically defensible), and easily measured metrics of recovery that account for the phases of recovery as well as desired outcomes. For proposals to be considered responsive to this task statement, proposals must address at least both research needs 1 and 2. In addition, proposers have the option to address one or more of research needs 3 through 5. The JFSP is particularly interested in proposals that address ecosystems that span the range of the greater sage-grouse. For each ecosystem proposed for study, proposals also must include a conceptual model of ecosystem function in the context of fire that is used to (1) convey the state of our scientific understanding and management practice, (2) identify key remaining knowledge gaps, and (3) provide a basis for proposed hypotheses, questions, and experimental design. As context for proposed work, proposals should describe the degree to which environmental and other factors (e.g., presence of invasive species that alter fire behavior) have changed from historic conditions that affect fire as an ecological process and how these changes affect post-fire recovery for the ecosystem(s) they propose to study.

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17-1-04 Fire effects on herbaceous and shrub species More Information Actions
Objective: The objective of this task statement is to develop empirical and mechanistic data and information on the effects of fire on meristematic tissue and seeds of herbaceous plant and shrub species that may ultimately be used in the development or validation of fire effects models that predict herbaceous plant and shrub response to fire. Research Needs: The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is interested in proposals that through laboratory and field experiments further our understanding of the direct effects of heat from fire on a variety of herbaceous and shrub species under different environmental conditions and across different geographic areas. Research needs include: 1. Quantify the effect of heat from fire on the ability of a variety of herbaceous and shrub species to resprout from meristematic tissue (e.g., buds, meristems) under different environmental conditions. 2. Quantify the effect of heat from fire on germination of seeds from a variety of herbaceous and shrub species under different environmental conditions. 3. Quantify additional germination requirements (e.g., bare mineral soil, soil moisture) of seeds from a variety of herbaceous plant and shrub species following fire. For proposals to be considered responsive to this task statement, proposals must address either research need 1 or 2 listed above. So that resulting data are broadly applicable, JFSP is particularly interested in proposals that address the research needs associated with multiple species. It is JFSPs desire that developed datasets ultimately can be used in development or validation of fire effects prediction models. Proposals that include model development or validation are desirable, but not required.

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17-1-05 Validating mesoscale, atmospheric boundary prediction models and tools More Information Actions
Objective: The operational fire weather community requires validation of numerical weather models and predictive tools as a means of raising situational awareness. The Joint Fire Science Program is interested in research proposals that address this need within a risk management context with the goal of enhancing firefighter safety. Research Needs: Research proposals are sought that address the validation requirements of existing numerical weather models and predictive tools with regard to predicting mesoscale atmospheric boundaries. Specific research needs include: 1. Demonstrate the ability to characterize the development, movement, and magnitude of mesoscale atmospheric boundaries through validation of existing numerical weather models and predictive tools using relevant observational data. 2. Demonstrate forecast skill of thunderstorm outflows, gust fronts, and downdraft winds near fires through validation of the above models and tools. 3. Demonstrate that validation of the above models and tools can be accomplished in complex terrain situations. 4. Communicate model and tool outputs (predictions) within a risk management context that is meaningful to the operational fire weather community and firefighters. For proposals to be considered responsive to this task statement, proposals must address all four research needs. Proposals to develop new or enhance existing models are outside the scope of this topic; however, improvements in model structure that occur incidental to model validation are acceptable.

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17-1-06 Factors that affect the co-management of wildland fire risk More Information Actions
Objective - The objective of this task statement is to advance our fundamental and applied understanding of the human dimensions that affect the co-management(1) of wildland fire risk. Risk in this context may involve uncertainties and differences in stakeholder(2) values that preclude a strictly probabilistic approach to risk management in its traditional sense. Research Needs - Specific research needs include: 1. Assess the social factors that lead to successful or unsuccessful co-management of wildland fire risk across administrative and ownership boundaries and whether they differ by ecosystem, region, or culture. 2. Evaluate how stakeholder views (whether within or across organizations) on accountability for wildland fire, response option implementation affect potential outcomes, in which the perception of accountability can span the spectrum from a legally mandated jurisdictional role to a willingness to engage in cooperative approaches among stakeholders. 3. Determine the role of different models of co-production of knowledge in facilitating stakeholder consensus on the underlying science, values, and accountability for response option implementation that shape risk management decisions. 4. Characterize the uncertainties involved and identify the decision frameworks that can best address them. -- For proposals to be considered responsive to this task statement, proposals must address two or more of the above research needs. Case study approaches are encouraged, but other approaches will be considered if appropriately justified. _________________ (1) Wildland fire frequently impacts landscapes that cross ownership and management boundaries. Co-management occurs between government entities with jurisdictional responsibility for fire incident management and response and other stakeholders who may not have jurisdictional responsibility, but do have management interests impacted by the fire incident. For the purpose of this task statement, co-management refers to the interactions and decisions of these management interests. (2) For the purposes of this task statement, stakeholder includes government entities and private entities whose risk management decisions in regards to fire may impact a broader landscape beyond their own individual interests.

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Closes on Nov 17, 2016

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17-2-01 Graduate Research Innovation (GRIN) Award More Information Actions
In partnership with the Association for Fire Ecology, the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) invites current master and doctoral students enrolled in US colleges or universities in the fields of wildland fire and related human dimensions, ecological, and atmospheric sciences to apply for a Graduate Research Innovation (GRIN) award. The purpose of a GRIN award is to enhance student exposure to the management and policy relevance of their research to achieve beneficial outcomes of funded work. The JFSP also is interested in understanding the science needs of decision-makers, which provides an opportunity for students to enhance their understanding of how science can be used to inform fire-related policy. As a result, these awards are intended to enable graduate students to conduct research that will supplement and enhance the quality, scope, or applicability of their thesis or dissertation to develop information and products useful to managers and decision-makers. Proposals must demonstrate relevance to fire, fuels, or resource management and include means to directly communicate with managers, when applicable, regarding project outcomes. Proposals must be directly related to the mission and goals of JFSP to be considered. Applicants are encouraged to search the JFSP website (www.firescience.gov) to learn more about the scope of JFSP activities. -- In addition, proposals must directly address management or policy related questions related to one or more of the following topic areas: " Fire behavior " Fire effects " Fuels treatments effectiveness " Post-fire recovery " Social issues and fire -- Proposals on other topics will not be reviewed.

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Proposal Body

Literature Cited

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Advisor Letter

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Support Letters

List of Acronyms

Closes on Nov 17, 2016

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11-1-1 Re-measurement opportunities More Information Actions
The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is seeking proposals to re-measure existing field studies to assess the effects of high-severity fire on vegetation succession, and/or to evaluate the effects of post-wildfire management. Proposals requesting funds to re-measure other variables will not be considered. View FON

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Closed on Nov 19, 2010

11-1-2 Shrub and grass fuelbed production, growth, and succession More Information Actions
The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) invites proposals that lead to better estimates of shrub and grass fuel production, growth, and succession, both on nonforested lands and as components of forest fuelbeds. JFSP is particularly interested in proposals that collect new field data that can be used to develop, improve, or validate shrub and grass production, growth and succession models. View FON

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Closed on Nov 19, 2010

11-1-3 Evaluating the effectiveness of mitigation activities in the wildland urban interface (WUI) More Information Actions
The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) invites proposals that collect new quantitative and qualitative data to evaluate the effectiveness of activities undertaken to reduce the impact of fire in the WUI. View FON

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Closed on Nov 19, 2010

11-1-4 Fuel moisture influences on combustion More Information Actions
The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is seeking proposals that investigate the various influences of fuel moisture on combustion processes. It is widely acknowledged that improved fire behavior prediction models are needed to advance understanding of wildland combustion and to support fire management. While the ultimate configuration of such models are unknown, it is clear that fundamental knowledge of the roles that fuel moisture plays in regulating combustion will be needed. View FON

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Closed on Nov 19, 2010

11-1-5 Black carbon effects on atmospheric warming More Information Actions
The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is interested in funding proposals that directly address at least one of the following questions: " What are the contributions to atmospheric black carbon from prescribed fire and wildfire in the US? How do these contributions vary regionally and seasonally, and how do they compare to other sources of atmospheric black carbon? " How do black carbon emission rates from prescribed fires and wildfire vary depending on the season of burning, fuel moisture content, or atmospheric conditions? How does fire type or intensity influence black carbon emissions, their vertical distribution in the atmosphere, and their potential for long range transport? View FON

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Closed on Nov 19, 2010

11-1-6 Fire smoke and ozone standards analysis More Information Actions
The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is soliciting proposals to determine what contributions to ambient ozone are due to wildland fire smoke in the United States, especially smoke from prescribed fires. Proposals must address both of the following objectives: " Quantify the contributions from fires to ambient levels of ozone using tools and procedures that are similar to those that will be used by state and local air agencies in State Implementation Plan (SIP) development " Use results of this quantification, ambient data, and any other available information to produce a ranked order of locations where fire emissions have the greatest potential to challenge attainment and maintenance of the new ozone standard View FON

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Closed on Nov 19, 2010

11-1-7 Mega-fire smoke and population impacts trajectory analysis More Information Actions
The Joint Fire Science Program is soliciting proposals that will address the potential for smoke from mega-fires to impact large urban areas in the United States. Planned work should include both an assessment of potential source regions and an analysis of transport climatology to highlight which large urban areas are most likely to be impacted and in which seasons. Responsive proposals are expected to address some or all of the following items: " Identify geographic areas in the US, and the season(s) of these areas, which appear to be most prone to future mega-fire events from a fuels and climate perspective " Identify potential trajectories of mega-fire smoke to large urban areas of 500,000 or more in population, including an assessment of potential smoke event duration and magnitude " Describe smoke impacts which might be expected in each area and/or develop a classification hierarchy (by smoke concentration levels or other criteria) of potential impacts that can be used to rate the severity of projected events " Assess the potential for regional haze events due to mega-fires by US geographic areas and season(s) View FON

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Closed on Nov 19, 2010

11-1-8 Effectiveness and effects of pile burning More Information Actions
The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) invites proposals to evaluate the effectiveness and effects of pile burning. Submitted proposals must address at least one of the following questions: " How do the characteristics of piles created by different specifications and methods affect combustion dynamics, fuel consumption, and emissions? How do pile characteristics affect flame length, fireline intensity, and burn duration? " How do the effects of pile burning on adjacent vegetation, invasive plants, and soils vary based on pile characteristics, and how do these effects vary by fuel and soil types? " How does duff and soil moisture affect combustion type and duration, fuel consumption, and emissions? " How do pile characteristics, pile age, and the spatial arrangement of piles affect the behavior of unplanned fires, including fireline intensity, fire spread between piles, and firebrand production and transport? How do piles burned in an unplanned fire contribute to crowning and crown fire spread, or to spotting? View FON

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Closed on Nov 19, 2010

11-1-9 Fuel treatments and the Wildland Urban Interface More Information Actions
JFSP invites proposals that directly address the following questions: " Under what conditions do treatments conducted outside the WUI influence fire behavior and fire effects in the WUI? " What percentage of the landscape needs to be treated and in what patterns to affect fire spread into the WUI? " Can fuel treatments outside of the WUI reduce fire ignitions in the WUI by reducing firebrand lofting and dispersion? View FON

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Closed on Nov 19, 2010

11-2-1 Integrated measurements of fuels, fire behavior and smoke More Information Actions
JFSP seeks proposals that intend to measure a full suite of variables that characterize fires, fuels, and smoke from pre-fire through immediate post-fire conditions. Submitted proposals must include data collection plans for fuel characterization, combustion and fire behavior, plume rise and smoke dispersion, and meteorological variables necessary to interpret other measurements. JFSP encourages collaboration among existing and new partnerships to successfully conduct integrated measurement campaigns. View FON

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Closed on Apr 01, 2011

11-3-1 Graduate Research Innovation (GRIN) award More Information Actions
In partnership with the Association for Fire Ecology, the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) invites current MS and PhD graduate students in the fields of wildland fire and related human dimensions and ecological sciences to apply for a Graduate Research Innovation (GRIN) award. Proposals must describe new, unfunded work that extends ongoing or planned research that is the subject of a thesis or dissertation that has been approved by the graduate students advisory committee. Proposals must be directly related to the mission and goals of JFSP to be considered. Proposals must directly address one of the following topics: " Climate change and fire (e.g., fire behavior, fire effects, fire regime) " Fuel management effectiveness and effects (e.g., treatment longevity, T&E or invasive species, carbon balance) " Social issues and fire (e.g., community preparation, transfer and use of science, public perceptions) Proposals on other topics will not be reviewed. View FON

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Closed on Nov 19, 2010

11-4-1 Regional Science Exchange Consortia More Information Actions
The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is soliciting pre-proposals to support new regional consortia of fire science providers and managers to enhance fire science exchange and adoption. New consortia will be part of an existing national network of regional consortia. The intent of this solicitation is to support initial planning and assessment of management needs for regions not currently part of this network, as shown by the map in the announcement. View FON

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Closed on Nov 19, 2010