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Project ID: 15-1-03-20

Year: 2015

Date Started: 10/01/2015

Ending Date:  09/30/2018

Title: Quantifying the risk of fire-facilitated transition to non-forest in California and the Southwest

Project Proposal Abstract: This proposal addresses JFSP announcement FA-FON-15-001, task statement #3 "Implications of changing fuels and fire regimes - selected regions". The proposed project will quantify the probability of fire-facilitated ecosystem transition, defined here as the conversion from savannah, woodland, and forest (hereafter referred to as "forest") to grass- or shrub-dominated ecosystems and fuel types (hereafter referred to as "non-forest"). This study will be conducted in California and the Southwest, where such transitions may already be occurring due to recent increased wildfire activity and severity as well as recent drought conditions that are increasingly limiting the ability of tree species to regenerate after fire. We posit that regeneration is limited at certain sites, even if adults of the same species are present, due to unfavorable climatic conditions and increasing drought conditions as a result of climate change. We further posit that this type of regeneration failure will be catalyzed by high severity stand-replacing wildfire because it removes forest overstory and associated microclimatic buffering as well as a seed source. We propose to quantify the risk of fire-facilitated ecosystem transition based on (1) the ability of tree species to regenerate as a function of climate, topography, and vegetation and (2) the expected severity of wildfire. Once we identify sites with a high probability of converting from forest to non-forest, we will evaluate several management scenarios aimed at reducing this risk; we will also evaluate how a warming climate alters this risk. We will conduct this study at two distinct scales: one at the "plot scale" that characterizes the probability of fire-facilitated ecosystem transition for FIA plots, and one at the "landscape scale" that characterizes such transitions for forested pixels. These scales of analysis are complementary but will provide different levels of detail in both the factors driving ecosystem transition and in the analysis of management scenarios that may alter the risk of ecosystem transition. Input from resource managers will ensure our fire, climate, and management scenarios are relevant and useful for planning and decision-making purposes. The results of our study will help managers anticipate where fire-facilitated ecosystem transitions are most likely to occur within the next 20 years, and will help them evaluate options for either mitigating or adapting to these changes.

Principal Investigator: Sean A. Parks

Agency/Organization: Forest Service

Branch or Dept: RMRS-Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Agreements Contact

Cindy D. Gordon

Forest Service

RMRS-Rocky Mountain Research Station

Budget Contact

Cindy D. Gordon

Forest Service

RMRS-Rocky Mountain Research Station

Co-Principal Investigator

Solomon Z. Dobrowski

University of Montana

College of Forestry & Conservation

Co-Principal Investigator

John D. Shaw

Forest Service

RMRS-Inventory & Monitoring-Ogden

Collaborator/Contributor

Carol L. Miller

Forest Service

RMRS-Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute


Project Locations

Fire Science Exchange Network

California

Southwest


Level

State

Agency

Unit

STATE

CA

MULTIPLE

STATE

AZ

MULTIPLE

STATE

NM

MULTIPLE


Project Deliverables

There is no final report available for this project.
  ID Type Title
view or print   3778 Journal Article Ecography
view or print   3777 Journal Article Ecography

Supporting Documents

There are no supporting documents available for this project.

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