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Project ID: 13-1-05-7

Year: 2013

Date Started: 07/01/2013

Ending Date:  09/30/2017

Title: Masticated Fuels and Fire Behavior in Forests of the Interior West

Project Proposal Abstract: We propose research to address an urgent need to advance our understanding of the fire behavior resulting from the combustion of masticated fuels (mechanical mulching). First, we will characterize regional variation in masticated fuel beds from multiple machines, ages since treatment (1-4 yr) in lodgepole pine, dry forests dominated by ponderosa pine, and moist mixed conifer forests dominated by grand fir on the Umatilla and Deschutes National Forests and a young mixed conifer forest plantation on the University of Idaho Experimental Forest. For these in-situ fuels we will characterize particle size distribution and other fuelbed characteristics. Cluster analysis of results will be used to identify 3-8 typical fuelbeds. Second, we will conduct replicated laboratory experimental burns to characterize fire intensity, spread, duration, and combustion phase under treatments of moisture content, particle size, fuel bed depth, and wind. Third, we will repeat replicated experiments with prescribed fires in in-situ masticated fuels. We will use two machines to conduct mastication in mixed conifer plantations being thinned on the University of Idaho Experimental Forest using a two machines: a rotary head mulcher and an excavator with a flail-head. Mastication will occur in project year 1 with prescribed fires in project years 2 and 3. Videography and ember traps in the lab and field will be used to evaluate ember production. We also plan to sample during prescribed burning operations in masticated fuels on the Umatilla National Forest to further evaluate scaling up from lab and field experiments to operational treatments. Our research results will be used to create custom fuel beds for use in fuel characteristics and fire behavior fuel models, along with pictures, fire behavior and emissions, all of which will be included in a web-based photo guide. Research results will be shared with managers and scientists, and will be incorporated into existing undergraduate and graduate courses. Two graduate students will complete MS theses, and we will write three refereed journal articles.

Principal Investigator: Penny Morgan

Agency/Organization: University of Idaho

Branch or Dept: Department of Forest Resources


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Agreements Contact

Sarah S. Martonick

University of Idaho

Office of Sponsored Programs

Budget Contact

Penny Morgan

University of Idaho

Department of Forest Resources

Co-Principal Investigator

Robert F. Keefe

University of Idaho

Department of Forest, Rangeland and Fire Sciences

Co-Principal Investigator

Alistair M. Smith

University of Idaho

Department of Forest Resources


Project Locations

Fire Science Exchange Network

Great Basin

Northern Rockies


Level

State

Agency

Unit

REGIONAL

Interior West

FS


Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
  go to website 126 Ph.D. Dissertation Development of a spatial severity model for quantification of wildland fire effects in coniferous fo
view or print   3779 Journal Article Forest Ecology and Management
view or print go to website 3780 Journal Article International Journal of Wildland Fire
    359 MS Thesis Fire Behavior in Masticated Forest Fuels: Lab and Prescribed Burn Experiments

Supporting Documents

There are no supporting documents available for this project.

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