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Project ID: 08-1-6-10

Year: 2008

Date Started: 10/01/2008

Date Completed: 09/28/2012

Title: Creation of a Smoke and Emissions Model Intercomparison Project (SEMIP) and Evaluation of Current Models

Project Proposal Abstract: Fire emissions and smoke impacts from wildland fire are a growing concern due to increasing fire season severity, dwindling tolerance of smoke by the public, tightening air quality regulations, and their role in climate change issues. Unfortunately, as identified in JFSP RFA 2008-01 Task 6, while a number of models and modeling system solutions are available to address these issues, a ?lack of quantitative information on the limitations of smoke and emissions models impedes the use of these tools for real-world applications.? We propose to directly address this critical issue by (1) creating an ongoing, open-access Smoke Emissions Model Intercomparison Project (SEMIP) and (2) completing (with the collaboration of other researchers and stakeholders) a first round of SEMIP model-to-model intercomparisons and model-to-observations performance assessments for 22 component models. The results will be translated into user guidance as instructions, reports, interactive websites, and training sessions that allow managers to apply the findings to their specific task. The SEMIP study plan and protocols will be developed in association with the larger scientific and management communities through the creation of a Scientific Advisory Board and Governing Board. They will provide an open standard for the evaluation of fire emissions and smoke transport models, as well as component models used by these systems. The protocols will specify open criteria for inclusion, a standard set of case studies, and standard performance metrics. The SEMIP study plan and protocols will be submitted for approval to the JFSP board in Year 1 of the project. Upon approval, extensive work will gather the observational data for the test cases, conduct the first phase of comparisons and evaluations, and translate the results into user guidance. Fire managers and air quality regulators will directly benefit from the project results, which will outline model strengths and weaknesses and provide guidance on using model results for specific applications. In this way, SEMIP will directly address an overriding issue concerning fire emissions and smoke impacts assessments

Principal Investigator: Narasimhan K. Larkin

Agency/Organization: Forest Service

Branch or Dept: PNW-AirFire Research Team

Other Project Collaborators




Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Sean Raffuse

University of California-Davis

Crocker Nuclear Laboratory

Co-Principal Investigator

Tara M. Strand

NZ Crown Research Institute (Scion)

Co-Principal Investigator

Neil J. Wheeler

Atmospheric Sciences International

Federal Cooperator

Brian E. Potter

Forest Service

PNW-Seattle-Managing Natural Disturbances

Project Locations

Fire Science Exchange Network




Great Basin

Great Plains

Lake States

Oak Woodlands

Northern Rockies




Southern Rockies
















Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
  go to website 1735 Government Publication Developing an Improved Wildland Fire Emissions Inventory
  go to website 1736 Government Publication Development of the 2008 Wildland Fire National Emissions Inventory
  go to website 3342 Journal Article An Evaluation of Modeled Plume Injection Height with Satellite-Derived Observed Plume Height
    3343 Journal Article Analyses of BlueSky Gateway PM2.5 Predictions During the 2007 Southern and 2008 Northern California Fires
  go to website 1038 Website Project website showing project plan, steps, current status, and more.
  go to website 1040 Website Website allowing user to browse analysis maps, query model data, and explore model intercomparisons.
    2311 Invited Paper/Presentation Smoke and Emissions Model Intercomparison Project (SEMIP)
    7274 Invited Paper/Presentation Lessons from SEMIP
    7275 Invited Paper/Presentation Micrometeorology, Turbulence, and Plume Dynamics
    7276 Training Session Smoke and Emissions Model Intercomparison Project (SEMIP)
    7277 Training Session Wildland Fire and Air Quality: Science and Tools
    7278 Invited Paper/Presentation Smoke and Emissions Model Intercomparison Project (SEMIP): Infrastructure and Suggestions
    7279 Training Session Wildland Fire Air Quality Tools
    7280 Invited Paper/Presentation AirFire Research and Tools
    7281 Training Session AirFire Research and Tools
    7282 Invited Paper/Presentation SEMIP and the RFA 2011-2 Proposals
    7283 Training Session Emissions Inventories and Smoke: Uncertainties and Working Towards a Better EI
    7284 Training Session The 2008 NEI, BlueSky, SmartFire, WFEIS, FINN, and Flambe
    7285 Invited Paper/Presentation Smoke Modeling: BlueSky and Beyond
    7286 Invited Paper/Presentation Sub-Canopy Smoke Dispersion: Measurements of Fire-Behavior, Fuels, Consumption, Emissions, Plume Rise and Dispersion Near and in a Prescribed Fire-Source
    7287 Training Session Creating Wildland Fire Emissions Inventories Using SmartFire and BlueSky
    7288 Training Session National Emissions Inventory Version 2 Fire Emissions
    7289 Training Session Using SmartFire and BlueSky to Calculate Wildland Fire Emissions and the NEI v2 Effort
  go to website 7290 Dataset (including spatial) SEMIP standard case datasets
  go to website 7291 Dataset (including spatial) SEMIP collected model ouptut
  go to website 7292 Dataset (including spatial) SEMIP collected observations for standard case evaluations
    7088 Invited Paper/Presentation Uncertainties in Fuel Loading and Fire Consumption Calculations and the Smoke and Emissions Model Intercomparison Project
    7089 Poster BlueSky Modeling Framework: Status, Products, and Future Directions
    7090 Poster BlueSky Modeling Framework: Current Application, User Tools, and Future Additions
    7172 Poster Merging Satellite-Detected Wildfire Information with Ground Reports for Improved Fire and Smoke Modeling in Emergency Response
    7173 Invited Paper/Presentation Uncertainties in Fuel Loading and Fire Consumption Calculations and the Smoke and Emissions Model Intercomparison Project
    7174 Poster The BlueSky Modeling Framework: Recent Developments and Tools
    7175 Invited Paper/Presentation Uncertainties in Wildland Fire Emissions (And Trying to Fix Them)
    7176 Invited Paper/Presentation BlueSky Modeling Framework: Status, Products, and Future Developments
    7177 Invited Paper/Presentation Uncertainties in Fuel Loading, Fire Consumption, Plume Rise, and Smoke Concentration Calculations
    7178 Poster Uncertainties in Modeling Emissions and Smoke from Wildland Fire
    7179 Poster A Community Data Warehouse for Fire and Smoke Information
    7180 Poster Fuel Loading, Fuel Consumption, and Smoke Emissions Simulations Under Wildfire Conditions: The 2006 Tripod Wildfire Case Study
    7181 Invited Paper/Presentation Uncertainties in Modeling Smoke Impacts from Wildland Fire
    7182 Poster BlueSky Smoke Modeling Framework Development
    7183 Poster Understanding How Well Satellites Detect Fires
    7184 Invited Paper/Presentation Analysis and Cross-Comparison of Emissions Calculations from Specific Wildland Fires
    7185 Invited Paper/Presentation Emissions from Open Burning: Evaluation Challenges at Different Scales
    7186 Poster New Methods for Modeling and Monitoring Wildfires Using Multiple Data Sources: SmartFire v2
    7201 Invited Paper/Presentation Quantifying Uncertainties in U.S. Wildland Fire Emissions Across Space and Time Scales
    7202 Invited Paper/Presentation Some Thoughts on Smoke

Supporting Documents

There are no supporting documents available for this project.

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