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Project ID: 07-1-3-12

Year: 2007

Date Started: 06/04/2007

Date Completed: 11/09/2011

Title: Equipment and Strategies to Enhance the Post-Wildfire Establishment and Persistence of Great Basin Native Plants

Project Proposal Abstract: The cycle of annual weed invasion and wildfire has altered large expanses of western shrublands, disrupted ecosystem functioning, and increased wildfire size, intensity and frequency. These impacts are costly in terms of losses to native species and ecosystems, and also in risks to human life and property and wildfire-associated expenditures. Post-fire rehabilitation provides an opportunity to stabilize and revegetate at-risk shrublands. The proposed research addresses Manager?s Request Task 3: Reestablishment of native vegetation after fires on arid lands. The USDI Bureau of Land Management treats more acres and expends more funds through the Emergency Stabilization and Rehabilitation Program (ES&R) than other agencies, and is required by Executive Orders and agency regulations to use native species where feasible. However, our ability to establish mixtures of grasses, forbs, and shrubs is limited. Our objectives are 1) Examine seeding techniques for Wyoming big sagebrush, 2) Test seeding technology for native species, particularly native forbs, 3) Compare the ability of a modified rangeland drill and an experimental minimum-till drill to plant native seeds of diverse size and shapes and to reduce surface disturbance, thereby conserving residual native species and biological soil crusts, while minimizing planting of annual grass seed, 4) Apply and examine use of USGS proposed ES&R monitoring protocols for gauging seeding success for both the short and long term, 5) Provide plantings for long-term examination of livestock grazing on diversity in native seedings. This research will provide both basic and applied results on native restoration species and technology for their use.

Principal Investigator: Nancy L. Shaw

Agency/Organization: Forest Service

Branch or Dept: RMRS-Aquatic Sciences Lab

Other Project Collaborators




Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Robert D. Cox

Texas Tech University

Department of Natural Resources Management

Co-Principal Investigator

Amy C. Ganguli

Forest Service

RMRS-Aquatic Sciences Lab

Co-Principal Investigator

Beth A. Newingham

ARS-Agricultural Research Service

Great Basin Rangelands Research Unit

Co-Principal Investigator

Mike L. Pellant

BLM-Bureau of Land Management

Idaho State Office

Co-Principal Investigator

David A. Pyke

USGS-Geological Survey

FRESC-Forest & Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center

Federal Cooperator

Nancy L. Shaw

Forest Service

RMRS-Aquatic Sciences Lab

Federal Fiscal Representative

Susan T. Major

Forest Service

RMRS-Rocky Mountain Research Station

Project Locations

Fire Science Exchange Network

Great Basin








Salt Lake Field Office




Burns District




Four Rivers Fiels Office

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
view or print go to website 1295 Government Publication Calibrating the Truax Rough Rider Seed Drill for Restoration Plantings
  go to website 3019 Journal Article Technical Note 20: Calibrating the Truax Rough Rider Drill for Restoration Plantings
  go to website 3234 Journal Article Native Plant Development and Restoration Program for the Great Basin USA
    854 Invited Paper/Presentation Native Plant Materials and Seeding Strategies for the Great Basin
view or print go to website 855 Conference/Symposia/Workshop The Effectiveness of Rangeland and Minimum-Till Seed Drills for Large-Scale Restoration of Sagebrush Wildlands
    856 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Developing a Successful Native Plant Materials Program
    857 Invited Paper/Presentation Management Strategies and Plant Materials for Rangelands - The Role of Plant Materials Centers
    889 Invited Paper/Presentation A Collaborative Science-Based Program to Provide Native Plant Materials and Restoration Technology for the Great Basin
  go to website 890 Poster Plant Nutrient Availablility Following Wildfire and Different Restoration Practices in a Sagebrush Community in Northwestern Utah
view or print   891 Invited Paper/Presentation Successful Restoration of Native Plant Communities in the Great Basin Depends on ... ?
    892 Training Session Calibrating Your Rangeland Drill
    1095 Field Demonstration/Tour Elko Drill Seeding Study
    1099 Invited Paper/Presentation Aberdeen Plant Materials Center 2008 Activities - Great Basin Native Plant Selection and Increase Project
  go to website 1470 Website Equipment and Strategies to Enhance the Post-Wildfire Establishment and Persistence of Great Basin Native Plants
    3836 Poster Establishment of Exotic and Seeded Species in Post-Fire Seeded Sites in Northern Utah
    3837 Invited Paper/Presentation Post-Fire Seeding Strategies and Native Plant Materials for the Northern Great Basin
    3838 Poster Establishment of Invasive Species Following Post-Fire Rehabilitation Seeding
    4311 Invited Paper/Presentation Native Plants and Seeding Methods for the Great Basin
view or print   4400 Photo 1. Hand broadcasting the sagebrush and other small-seeded species mix over treatment plots in winter at the Scooby seeding location.
view or print   4401 Photo 2. Rangeland drill (left) with aluminum drop tubes for delivery of broadcast seeds and minimum-till drill (right) with impacter units that firm broadcast seeds onto the soil surface. Lower photos illustrate soil disturbance created by each drill.
view or print   4402 Photo 3. Rangeland drill installing post-fire seeding plots at the Scooby location.
view or print   4403 Photo 4. Monitoring seeded native vegetation at the Scooby post-fire seeding in the second growing season following planting.
    3772 Field Demonstration/Tour Society for Range Management, Utah Section Summer Tour
    3773 Field Demonstration/Tour Saylor Creek and Nevada Seedings Tour for USDI Bureau of Land Management
    3774 Invited Paper/Presentation Soil Responses to Restoration Seeding Techniques
    3785 Invited Paper/Presentation Developing a Successful Native Plant Program
    3786 Invited Paper/Presentation Truax Roughrider Drill: Purpose and Evolution
    6492 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Reestablishing Diverse Native Wyoming Big Sagebrush Communities: A Comparison of Seeding Equipment
    6126 Invited Paper/Presentation Trials and Tribulations of Wildland Restoration
view or print   6396 Photo 5. Researchers taking soil profile samples and collecting soil cores at the Scooby post-fire seeding site.
    6087 Invited Paper/Presentation Comparing the Effects of Post-Fire Seeding Techniques on Soil Erosion in a Dryland Ecosystem
    5410 Invited Paper/Presentation A Collaborative Science-Based Program to Provide Native Plant Materials and Restoration
    7116 Invited Paper/Presentation Seeding Strategies and Equipment for Re-Establishing Wyoming Big Sagebrush Communities
    7129 Invited Paper/Presentation Testing and Selecting Plants for Rangeland Rehabilitation
  go to website 6944 Invited Paper/Presentation Native Plant Selection, Seed Biology, and Seeding Equipment and Technology
    7238 Invited Paper/Presentation Comparing the Effects of Fire and Restoration Drilling on Soil Properties in the Great Basin

Supporting Documents

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