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Project ID: 03-1-4-11

Year: 2003

Date Started: 07/16/2003

Date Completed: 10/04/2007

Title: The Effects of Grass Seeding and Salvage Logging on Fuel Loads, Potential Fire Behavior, and the Biological Diversity of Severely Burned Low Elevation Southern Oregon Forests

Project Proposal Abstract: This proposal addresses 2003-1 Task 4, particularly the evaluation of post-fire stabilization and rehabilitation treatments. Considerable controversy exists concerning post-fire activities including salvage logging and grass seeding. Although salvage logging was a common post-fire practice until recently, we could find no replicated studies that have examined how salvage logging and seeding affects fuel loads and fire behavior. The central objectives of this study are to determine the effects of salvage and seeding on fuels, plant succession, and wildlife diversity. Salvage logging allows for the economic recovery of fire-killed trees while decreasing total fuel loads in burned forests. Burned areas are seeded to decrease erosion, decrease exotic species invasions, and create forage for wildlife and livestock. Many species of plants and animals depend on fires to create conditions needed for regeneration, reproduction, and food acquisition. Post-fire activities such as grass seeding may effectively close the small window of opportunity available for native fire-dependent plants to regenerate, possibly altering the successional dynamics of forests over long periods of time. Furthermore, many animal species of special concern require habitats with snags and downed woody debris created during fires. Post-fire salvage logging may have detrimental effects on such species, which need to be enumerated so that land managers can make decisions about the extent to which such methods should be employed. In this study we propose to establish two experiments: (1) determine the short-term effects of salvage logging (and no salvage) on fuels, forest structure, and plant and animal composition through establishment of permanent replicated plots in the 2002 Biscuit and Timbered Rock fires to be salvaged in late 2003 or early 2004; and (2) through a chronosequence approach of sampling burns in 1987, 1992, 1995, 2001, and 2002 examine the longer term forest ecosystem responses to salvage logging and seeding. Our work will provide knowledge about both the short- and long-term effects of post-fire activities on plant and animal diversity and on how fuel loads may influence the risk of future fires.

Principal Investigator: J. Boone Kauffman

Agency/Organization: Oregon State University

Branch or Dept: Department of Fisheries & Wildlife

Other Project Collaborators




Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Beverly Law

Oregon State University


Co-Principal Investigator

Douglas W. Robinson

Oregon State University

Department of Fisheries & Wildlife

Federal Cooperator

Tom Sensenig

BLM-Bureau of Land Management

Medford District Office

Project Locations




There are no project locations identified for this project.

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
    3209 Journal Article Response to Comments on Post-Wildfire Logging Hinders Regeneration and Increases Fire Risk
    1567 Invited Paper/Presentation Early Response of Forest Vegetation to a Reburn in the Siskiyou Mountains, Oregon, USA
    1568 Invited Paper/Presentation Bird Community Structure Following Multiple High Severity Fires and Post-Fire Logging in the Klamath-Siskiyou Region
    1569 Invited Paper/Presentation Early Response of Forest Vegetation to a Reburn in the Siskiyou Mountains, Oregon, USA
    1570 Invited Paper/Presentation Small Mammals Following Severe Fire, Reburn, and Salvage Logging in the SIskiyou Mountains, Oregon, USA
    1571 Invited Paper/Presentation Avian Community Change Following High Severity Fire in Southwestern Oregon
    1572 Invited Paper/Presentation Wildlife and Vegetation Community Response to Disturbance in Southwestern Oregon
    1573 Invited Paper/Presentation Birds, Fire and Salvage Logging in Southwestern Oregon
    1731 Invited Paper/Presentation Changes in Avian Communities Following High Severity Fire and Salvage Logging in Southwestern Oregon
    1733 Invited Paper/Presentation Birds and the Biscuit Fire: How do Birds Respond to Fire?
    1734 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Early Influences of Salvage Logging After the Biscuit Fire
    1735 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Vegetation and Fuels Following the Biscuit Fire and Post-Fire Logging
    1737 Invited Paper/Presentation Research on Post-Fire Intervention
    1738 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Changes in Small Mammal Communities Following High Severity Fire and Postfire Management in Southwesterrn Oregon
    1739 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Response of Small Mammal Communities to High Severity Fire and Salvage Logging in Southwestern Oregon
    1740 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Conifer Regeneration and Fuel Loads Following the Biscuit Fire and Post-Fire Logging
    1741 Invited Paper/Presentation Post-Wildfire Logging Hinders Regeneration and Increases Fire Risk
    1742 Invited Paper/Presentation It’s Not Just About Carbon
    1745 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Avian Responses to Fire in Mixed Conifer Forests of Southwestern Oregon
    1746 Field Demonstration/Tour  
    1747 Field Demonstration/Tour  
    1748 Field Demonstration/Tour  
    1749 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Annual Research and Management Workshop 2007
    1751 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Annual Research and Management Workshop 2006
  go to website 1754 Website  
    5862 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Salvage Logging & Post-Fire Dynamics of Fuel Profiles, Wildlife and Vegetation Communities on the Biscuit Fire, SW Oregon

Supporting Documents

The following supporting documents are available for this project.

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