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Project ID: 05-3-1-06

Year: 2006

Date Started: 01/10/2006

Date Completed: 11/16/2009

Title: Characterizing Particulate Matter Emissions by Wildland Fires Relevant to Visibility Impairment and PM Non-Attainment

Project Proposal Abstract: The occurrence of wildland fires results in substantial emissions of air pollutants. These emissions have resulted in increased conflicts with the need to attain air quality standards, especially for particulate matter (PM) and visibility, as mandated by the Clean Air Act. To manage these conflicts, there is a pressing need for emission factors for PM mass and its optical cross-sections and PM characteristics as function of wildland fuels and combustion conditions. The proposed research builds on previous and ongoing work in order to provide resource managers and planners with information on PM emissions that will improve their capability to safely and effectively use prescribed fire while minimizing adverse effects on air quality. We will undertake a series of laboratory and field experiments using novel instrumentation to obtain the parameters and understanding needed to model the influence of wildland fires on visibility impairment and PM nonattainment. Benefits of the proposed work, that can directly be utilized to improve smoke and regional haze models, are an improved understanding of optical, physical, and chemical properties of PM emitted by wildland fires, PM and optical emission rates for wildland fires, and a new and improved method for quantifying EC and OC emissions from wildland fires with high time resolution.

Principal Investigator: William C. Malm

Agency/Organization: Colorado State University

Branch or Dept: Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA)


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Wei Min M. Hao

Forest Service

RMRS-Fire Sciences Lab-Missoula

Federal Cooperator

William C. Malm

Colorado State University

Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA)


Project Locations

Consortium

Alaska

Appalachian

California

Great Basin

Great Plains

Lake States

Oak Woodlands

Northern Rockies

Northwest

Pacific

South

Southern Rockies

Southwest

Tallgrass


There are no project locations identified for this project.

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
    47 Ph.D. Dissertation The Optical, Chemical, and Physical Properties of Aerosols and Gases Emitted by the Laboratory Combustion of Wildland Fuels (G. McMeeking)
    1560 Government Publication Characterization of Particle Emissions from Laboratory Combustion of Wildland Fuels
view or print   3202 Journal Article Journal of Geophysical Research
    159 MS Thesis Estimating Contributions of Primary Biomass Combustion to Fine Particulate Matter at Sites in the Western United States (A. Holden)
    839 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Recent Advances in Biomass Burning Emission Measurement and Modeling
    3245 Field Demonstration/Tour Tour of FLAME I experiment at the USDA Forest Service Fire Sciences Laboratory, Missoula, MT
    3458 Poster Experimental Determination of Effective Refractive Indices of Aerosols Emitted From High-Moisture-Content Biomass Combustion
    3459 Poster Particle Emissions from Laboratory Combustion of Wildland Fuels: Time Evolution of Aerosol Optical Properties and the Transition from Flaming to Smoldering Combustion
    3460 Poster Hygroscopic Growth and CCN Properties of Primary Smoke Emissions from Forest Fuels
    3461 Poster Observations of the REDUCTION of Aerosol Light Absorption and INCREASE of Biomass Burning Aerosol Light Scattering for Increasing Relative Humidity
  go to website 3462 Website  
    3287 Invited Paper/Presentation Observations of the REDUCTION of Aerosol Light Absorption and INCREASE of Biomass Burning Aerosol Light Scattering for Increasing Relative Humidity
    3348 Invited Paper/Presentation Particle Emissions from Flaming and Smoldering Laboratory Combustion of Wildland Fuels
    3349 Invited Paper/Presentation Investigation of the Properties of Smoke from Wildland Fires: The Relationship to Visual Impacts of Smoke
    3350 Invited Paper/Presentation The Potential Health Effects of Smoke from Wildland Fires: Acute and Long-Term Impacts on Wildland Fire Fighters and the General Public
    3351 Poster Heterogeneous Ice Nuclei Measurements: Results for Biomass Burning Particles from FLAME 2 and Biogenic Aerosols from AMAZE
    3352 Invited Paper/Presentation The Hygroscopicity of Organic Aerosols
    3353 Invited Paper/Presentation Hygroscopic Growth and Cloud Condensation Nuclei Activity of Primary Biomass Smoke Aerosol
    3354 Invited Paper/Presentation Characterization of Light Absorbance from Organic and Elemental Carbon Emitted by Biomass Burning
    3355 Invited Paper/Presentation Hygroscopicity Measurements and Comparisons with Theoretical Values for Fresh Biomass Smoke Obtained During Laboratory Burns
    3356 Invited Paper/Presentation Cavity Ring Down and Cavity Enhanced Detection Measurements of Extinction from Smoke Generated Through Laboratory Combustion of Wildland Fires
    3944 Invited Paper/Presentation Dual-Wavelength Photoacoustic Measurements of Light Absorption and Scattering by Wood Smoke
    4185 Invited Paper/Presentation Diversity of Biomass Burn Aerosols Based on Fuel
    6322 Conference/Symposia/Workshop FLAME Science Team Meeting, February 22-23, 2007, Colorado State University
    6323 Poster A Comparison of Thermal-Optical Carbon Measurement Methods for Aerosols Emitted by a Series of Controlled Biomass Burning Experiments
    6324 Invited Paper/Presentation A Method for Smoke Marker Measurements for Determining Air Quality Impacts of Biomass Burning
    6325 Poster Application of Anion Exchange Chromatography with Pulsed Amperometric Detection for Measurement of Levoglucosan in Ambient Aerosol Samples
    6326 Invited Paper/Presentation Characterizing of Smoke Properties from Laboratory Combustion of Forest Fuels Using an Aerosol Mass Spectrometer
    6327 Poster Investigation of Biomass Combustion Aerosol by H-NMR Spectroscopy
    6328 Invited Paper/Presentation Measurements of Smoke Aerosol Size Distributions and Refractive Indices During a Series of Laboratory Biomass Burning Experiments
    6329 Invited Paper/Presentation Relative Humidity Influence on Aerosol Light Absorption and Scattering by Biomass Burning Aerosol
    6330 Invited Paper/Presentation The Chemical and Physical Characteristics of Biomass Burning Particulate Emissions Studied at the Fire Science Laboratory
    6360 Invited Paper/Presentation Chemical and Physical Characteristics of Smoke Particles from Laboratory Combustion of Biomass
    6361 Invited Paper/Presentation Ice Formation by Soot-Containing Aerosol Particles
    6364 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Aerosol Optics Measurements and Survey of the Current State of the Science
    6155 Invited Paper/Presentation A Method for Smoke Marker Measurements for Determining the Contribution of Biomass Burning to Ambient PM2.5 Organic Carbon
    6156 Invited Paper/Presentation Estimating the Contribution of Smoke to Fine Particulate Matter Using a Hybrid-Receptor Model
    6157 Invited Paper/Presentation Aerosol Optical Properties During Flaming and Smoldering Phases of Laboratory Combustion of Wildland Fuels
    6158 Invited Paper/Presentation Multiwavelength Photoacoustic Measurements of Light Absorption and Scattering by Biomass Smoke
    6159 Invited Paper/Presentation Determination of Effective Refractive Indices of Aerosols Emitted from High-Moisture-Content Biomass Combustion Using Mie Theory
    6160 Invited Paper/Presentation Water Interactions of Biomass Burning Aerosols
    6161 Invited Paper/Presentation Characterization of Emissions from the Laboratory Combustion of Wildland Plant Species
    6162 Invited Paper/Presentation The Light Attenuation Spectral Dependence of Organic Carbon Emitted by Biomass Burning
    6163 Invited Paper/Presentation Morphology and Effective Refractive Indices of Aerosols Emitted from High-Moisture-Content Biomass Combustion
    6164 Invited Paper/Presentation Parameterization of the Hygroscopicity and CCN Activity of Atmospheric Aerosols
    5711 Invited Paper/Presentation Multiwavelength Photoacoustic Measurements of Light Absorption and Scattering by Wood Smoke
    5712 Invited Paper/Presentation Hygroscopic Growth, Cloud Condensation Nuclei Activity and Chemical Composition of Primary Biomass Smoke
    5713 Invited Paper/Presentation Photoacoustic Evidence for Strong Spectral Variation of Biomass Smoke Light Absorption and Single Scattering Albedo
    5896 Invited Paper/Presentation Particle Emissions from Laboratory Combustion of Wildland Fuels: Aerosol Optical Properties During Flaming and Smoldering Combustion Phases
    5897 Invited Paper/Presentation Repeatability of PM Emissions During Laboratory Combustion of Wildland Fuels
    7074 Poster Humidification Factors (f(RH) for Fresh Biomass Smoke from Laboratory Controlled Burns

Supporting Documents

The following supporting documents are available for this project.

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Brief


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