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Project ID: 98-1-8-02

Year: 1999

Date Started: 06/10/1999

Date Completed: 02/01/2002

Title: Fire Modeling for Fuel and Smoke Assessment

Project Proposal Abstract: PROJECT OBJECTIVES As requested under Tasks 8 and 9, user-friendly modeling systems designed for local use will be provided for modeling smoke from wildland fires. These tools will provide a means for conducting tradeoff analyses, with a focus on emissions production, of prescribed fire vs. wildfire. 1. System development--The FARSITE Fire Area Simulator will be expanded to allow modeling of smoke production, reflecting the effect of changes in space and time. The BEHAVE Fire Modeling System will be expanded to include additional fire models, including smoke production and fuel consumption. It will be consistent with FARSITE and will produce table and graph outputs useful for tradeoff analysis. FARCALC Fire Area Calculator will be a spatial implementation of the fire models in BEHAVE, without the fire growth functionality that is in FARSITE. These systems will be based on a set of consistent, widely applicable fire models, resulting in consistent interpretation of results and simplification of training efforts. 2. Implementation. Implementation will build on ongoing processes. Training material will be developed for FARSITE and BEHAVE. Existing courses will be expanded or modified. Technology transfer plans will be extended. 3. Weather and fuel moisture: Methods will be developed and incorporated into the systems for adjusting weather parameters across the landscape. A spatial climatology will be developed. Linkages will be developed to allow use of NFDRS weather and calculated l000h fuel moisture. An improved fine fuel moisture model will be implemented. 4. Fuel Characterization: All fuel components will be included in the systems as required by the fire models. BEHAVE will include a linkage to the natural fuel photo series for characterization of crown fuel, surface fuel for spread, and heavy woody material for fuel consumption. 5. Fire modeling: Fire modeling will be strengthened. A model for the burnout of fuel behind the fire front will be tested, expanded to reflect smoldering and flaming combustion. New analysis of emission factors will be used in modeling smoke production. In addition, modeling work will be conducted to provide the capability to model heat transfer from surface fire (necessary for linkages to other fire behavior and effects models), linkage of the surface model to the fuel consumption model and a soil heating model, and improved crown fire modeling.

Principal Investigator: Patricia L. Andrews

Agency/Organization: Forest Service

Branch or Dept: RMRS-Fire Sciences Lab-Missoula

Other Project Collaborators




Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Frank A. Albini

Montana State University

Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering

Co-Principal Investigator

Collin Bevins

Systems for Environmental Management

Co-Principal Investigator

Stuart E. Brittain

Alturas Solutions LLC

Co-Principal Investigator

Bret W. Butler

Forest Service

RMRS-Fire Sciences Lab-Missoula

Co-Principal Investigator

Wendy Catchpole

University of New South Wales

School of Physical, Environmental & Mathematical Sciences

Co-Principal Investigator

Mark A. Finney

Forest Service

RMRS-Fire Sciences Lab-Missoula


Larry Bradshaw

Forest Service

RMRS-Fire Sciences Lab-Missoula


Ralph M. Nelson

Forest Service

RMRS-Fire Sciences Lab-Missoula

Federal Cooperator

Patricia L. Andrews

Forest Service

RMRS-Fire Sciences Lab-Missoula

Project Locations

Fire Science Exchange Network


There are no project locations identified for this project.

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
    1660 Government Publication The Impact of Changing the Fire Surface Spread Model
    1223 Government Publication An Overview of FlamMap Fire Modeling Capabilities
    1237 Government Publication BehavePlus Fire Modeling System, Version 2.0: User’s Guide
    1238 Government Publication A Model for the Steady Spread of Fire Through a Homogeneous Fuel Bed
    1239 Government Publication Modeling Post-Frontal Fire Combustion in the FARSITE Fire Area Simulator
    1255 Government Publication BehavePlus Fire Modeling System, Version 2.0: Overview
    2764 Journal Article Fire Modeling and Information System Technology
    2765 Journal Article A Radiation-Driven Model for Crown Fire Spread
    102 Computer Model/Software/Algorithm Spatial Climatology Produced by DAYMET for the Western States
    2460 Traning Session  
    2205 Computer Model/Software/Algorithm BehavePlus Fire Modeling System, Version 1.0
    2206 Computer Model/Software/Algorithm FlamMap Fire Mapping and Analysis System
    2257 Computer Model/Software/Algorithm New Moisture Model
    2258 Computer Model/Software/Algorithm BURNUP Model Code
    6573 Computer Model/Software/Algorithm FARSITE Fire Area Simulator

Supporting Documents

There are no supporting documents available for this project.

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