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Project ID: 00-1-1-06

Year: 2001

Date Started: 11/20/2000

Date Completed: 10/12/2004

Title: Development and Implementation of a System for Prediction of Fire-Induced Shrub and Tree Mortality

Project Proposal Abstract: Current methods for predicting fire-induced plant mortality in shrubs and trees are largely empirical. These methods do not exhibit a wide range of applicability and are not readily linked to duff burning, soil heating, and surface fire behavior models. New models of duff burning and soil heating are currently available and a new physics-based surface fire model is expected within two years. This document proposes that a physics- based three-dimensional stem heating model be developed and coupled to available duff and surface fire models; thereby providing an objective system for predicting shrub and tree mortality caused by heating of the roots and/or bole by surface fires and smoldering duff fires as a function of biological and environmental conditions. Such a system will provide information needed by land managers to accurately evaluate fuel management alternatives before striking the match.

Principal Investigator: Bret W. Butler

Agency/Organization: Forest Service

Branch or Dept: RMRS-Fire Sciences Lab-Missoula

Other Project Collaborators




Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Daniel M Jimenez

Forest Service

RMRS-Fire Sciences Lab-Missoula

Co-Principal Investigator

James J. Reardon

Forest Service

RMRS-Fire Sciences Lab-Missoula

Co-Principal Investigator

Kevin C. Ryan

Forest Service

RMRS-Fire Sciences Lab-Missoula

Co-Principal Investigator

B. W. Webb

Brigham Young University

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Federal Cooperator

Bret W. Butler

Forest Service

RMRS-Fire Sciences Lab-Missoula

Project Locations





Great Basin

Great Plains

Lake States

Oak Woodlands

Northern Rockies




Southern Rockies



There are no project locations identified for this project.

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
view or print   916 Government Publication Thermally Induced Bark Swelling in Four North American Tree Species
    2527 Journal Article Thermally Induced Bark Swelling in Four North American Tree Species
    181 MS Thesis Development of an Advanced Stem Heating Model (J.L. Jones)
  go to website 9 Website FireStem Homepage
  go to website 10 Computer Model/Software/Algorithm Web-based program download information and executable files.
  go to website 1123 Computer Model/Software/Algorithm FireStem
  go to website 5889 Computer Model/Software/Algorithm A computer based system for prediction of fire-induced plant mortality.

Supporting Documents

There are no supporting documents available for this project.

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