Funding Announcements

Open Funding Opportunity Notices (FONs)

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17-1-01 Landscape fuel treatment strategies and wildfire management More Information Actions
The objective of this task statement is to inform planning and implementation of landscape fuel treatment strategies that allow for safe and effective management of wildfire to meet protection and resource management objectives. Projects funded under this task statement are intended to support the vision of the 2014 National Cohesive Wildfire Management Strategy, in particular progressing towards resilient landscapes. Research Needs: Research proposals are sought that evaluate the effectiveness of landscape fuel treatment strategies with a focus on the interaction between landscape fuel treatment strategies and subsequent wildfire management actions as they relate to the ability to implement safe, effective, and efficient wildfire management decisions. Specific research needs include: 1. Identify the characteristics of landscape fuel treatment strategies (e.g., distribution/saturation of treatments, type, age, location) that allow for effective and safe use by firefighters to manage wildfire for resource management objectives and asset protection. 2. Evaluate how the effectiveness of landscape fuel treatment strategies is constrained by different social (e.g., proximity to human communities, degree to which managers consider resource management objectives), ecological (e.g., vegetation type, fire regime), or other factors. 3. Develop metrics that are scientifically defensible and measureable for evaluating the effectiveness of landscape fuel treatment strategies in terms of allowing for safe and effective use by firefighters to manage wildfire for resource management objectives and asset protection. For proposals to be considered responsive to this task statement, proposals must address the first two research needs above. It is expected that these research needs will be addressed through retrospective analyses, modeling, or other feasible approach. Proposals that address the third research need as well are desirable but not required. Research needs under this task statement do not include an evaluation of the direct effect of landscape fuel treatments on resources.

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Data Management Plan

Science Delivery

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Closes on Nov 17, 2016

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17-1-02 Effects of changing wildfire management strategies More Information Actions
Objective: The objective of this task statement is to assess the degree to which wildfire management strategies have changed since the issuance of the 2009 Guidance for Implementation of the Federal Fire Policy and the effectiveness of such changes. Research Needs: The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is interested in proposals that using retrospective analyses, perhaps combined with modeling exercises, evaluate changing wildfire management strategies and the effectiveness of these strategies in meeting resource management objectives. Research needs include: 1. Quantify the extent to which wildfire response strategies and tactics have changed since issuance of the 2009 wildfire policy guidance and identify any barriers that have hampered these changes. 2. Describe the degree to which changing wildfire response strategies and tactics have had a beneficial or adverse impact on highly valued resources (e.g., human communities, air quality, wildlife habitat) or changed the risk of future wildfire to such resources. 3. Identify how the range of burning conditions (e.g., weather, fuels) affects the effectiveness of wildfire and wildfire management activities to meet specific objectives for managing fuels and vegetation. Proposers must address all three research needs above. The JFSP is particularly interested in studies that examine how responses to these questions differ by region, agency, vegetation type, or other significant factor. The JFSP expects that information on changing wildfire strategies can be inferred from an analysis of incident reports, interviews with incident commanders, or both.

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Proposal Body

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Data Management Plan

Science Delivery

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Closes on Nov 17, 2016

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17-1-03 Post-fire recovery More Information Actions
Objective: The objective of this task statement is to advance our fundamental and applied understanding of post-fire recovery and associated management responses in ecosystems for which altered fire regimes may shape post-fire recovery trajectory(ies); in particular, for those ecosystems that span the range of the greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus). Research Needs: For each ecosystem proposed for study, specific research needs include: 1. Relationships (i.e., interactions with and implications for) between (a) pre-fire (e.g., existing native and non-native invasive vegetation) and immediately post-fire conditions (e.g., burn severity, amount of downed woody materials), (b) standard, immediate post-fire stabilization approaches (e.g., herbicide applications, seeding, erosion control) that respond to those particular conditions, and (c) long-term (i.e., three years and beyond) recovery actions. 2. How the phasing of recovery actions in general (i.e., not just related to immediate stabilization actions) either facilitate or adversely affect long-term recovery in the context of meeting management objectives, including desired ecosystem services. 3. Role of soil ecological processes and community structure and composition in facilitating or preventing invasion by non-native species that alter fire behavior. 4. Relative effectiveness of different soil and vegetation treatments (e.g., for woody plant species this could be different seeding or seedling establishment approaches at different spatial scales) in facilitating recovery. 5. Spatially and temporally explicit, robust (i.e., scientifically defensible), and easily measured metrics of recovery that account for the phases of recovery as well as desired outcomes. For proposals to be considered responsive to this task statement, proposals must address at least both research needs 1 and 2. In addition, proposers have the option to address one or more of research needs 3 through 5. The JFSP is particularly interested in proposals that address ecosystems that span the range of the greater sage-grouse. For each ecosystem proposed for study, proposals also must include a conceptual model of ecosystem function in the context of fire that is used to (1) convey the state of our scientific understanding and management practice, (2) identify key remaining knowledge gaps, and (3) provide a basis for proposed hypotheses, questions, and experimental design. As context for proposed work, proposals should describe the degree to which environmental and other factors (e.g., presence of invasive species that alter fire behavior) have changed from historic conditions that affect fire as an ecological process and how these changes affect post-fire recovery for the ecosystem(s) they propose to study.

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CV

Support Letters

List of Acronyms

Closes on Nov 17, 2016

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17-1-04 Fire effects on herbaceous and shrub species More Information Actions
Objective: The objective of this task statement is to develop empirical and mechanistic data and information on the effects of fire on meristematic tissue and seeds of herbaceous plant and shrub species that may ultimately be used in the development or validation of fire effects models that predict herbaceous plant and shrub response to fire. Research Needs: The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is interested in proposals that through laboratory and field experiments further our understanding of the direct effects of heat from fire on a variety of herbaceous and shrub species under different environmental conditions and across different geographic areas. Research needs include: 1. Quantify the effect of heat from fire on the ability of a variety of herbaceous and shrub species to resprout from meristematic tissue (e.g., buds, meristems) under different environmental conditions. 2. Quantify the effect of heat from fire on germination of seeds from a variety of herbaceous and shrub species under different environmental conditions. 3. Quantify additional germination requirements (e.g., bare mineral soil, soil moisture) of seeds from a variety of herbaceous plant and shrub species following fire. For proposals to be considered responsive to this task statement, proposals must address either research need 1 or 2 listed above. So that resulting data are broadly applicable, JFSP is particularly interested in proposals that address the research needs associated with multiple species. It is JFSPs desire that developed datasets ultimately can be used in development or validation of fire effects prediction models. Proposals that include model development or validation are desirable, but not required.

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CV

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List of Acronyms

Closes on Nov 17, 2016

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17-1-05 Validating mesoscale, atmospheric boundary prediction models and tools More Information Actions
Objective: The operational fire weather community requires validation of numerical weather models and predictive tools as a means of raising situational awareness. The Joint Fire Science Program is interested in research proposals that address this need within a risk management context with the goal of enhancing firefighter safety. Research Needs: Research proposals are sought that address the validation requirements of existing numerical weather models and predictive tools with regard to predicting mesoscale atmospheric boundaries. Specific research needs include: 1. Demonstrate the ability to characterize the development, movement, and magnitude of mesoscale atmospheric boundaries through validation of existing numerical weather models and predictive tools using relevant observational data. 2. Demonstrate forecast skill of thunderstorm outflows, gust fronts, and downdraft winds near fires through validation of the above models and tools. 3. Demonstrate that validation of the above models and tools can be accomplished in complex terrain situations. 4. Communicate model and tool outputs (predictions) within a risk management context that is meaningful to the operational fire weather community and firefighters. For proposals to be considered responsive to this task statement, proposals must address all four research needs. Proposals to develop new or enhance existing models are outside the scope of this topic; however, improvements in model structure that occur incidental to model validation are acceptable.

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CV

Support Letters

List of Acronyms

Closes on Nov 17, 2016

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17-1-06 Factors that affect the co-management of wildland fire risk More Information Actions
Objective - The objective of this task statement is to advance our fundamental and applied understanding of the human dimensions that affect the co-management(1) of wildland fire risk. Risk in this context may involve uncertainties and differences in stakeholder(2) values that preclude a strictly probabilistic approach to risk management in its traditional sense. Research Needs - Specific research needs include: 1. Assess the social factors that lead to successful or unsuccessful co-management of wildland fire risk across administrative and ownership boundaries and whether they differ by ecosystem, region, or culture. 2. Evaluate how stakeholder views (whether within or across organizations) on accountability for wildland fire, response option implementation affect potential outcomes, in which the perception of accountability can span the spectrum from a legally mandated jurisdictional role to a willingness to engage in cooperative approaches among stakeholders. 3. Determine the role of different models of co-production of knowledge in facilitating stakeholder consensus on the underlying science, values, and accountability for response option implementation that shape risk management decisions. 4. Characterize the uncertainties involved and identify the decision frameworks that can best address them. -- For proposals to be considered responsive to this task statement, proposals must address two or more of the above research needs. Case study approaches are encouraged, but other approaches will be considered if appropriately justified. _________________ (1) Wildland fire frequently impacts landscapes that cross ownership and management boundaries. Co-management occurs between government entities with jurisdictional responsibility for fire incident management and response and other stakeholders who may not have jurisdictional responsibility, but do have management interests impacted by the fire incident. For the purpose of this task statement, co-management refers to the interactions and decisions of these management interests. (2) For the purposes of this task statement, stakeholder includes government entities and private entities whose risk management decisions in regards to fire may impact a broader landscape beyond their own individual interests.

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Proposal Body

Literature Cited

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Data Management Plan

CV

Support Letters

List of Acronyms

Closes on Nov 17, 2016

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17-2-01 Graduate Research Innovation (GRIN) Award More Information Actions
In partnership with the Association for Fire Ecology, the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) invites current master and doctoral students enrolled in US colleges or universities in the fields of wildland fire and related human dimensions, ecological, and atmospheric sciences to apply for a Graduate Research Innovation (GRIN) award. The purpose of a GRIN award is to enhance student exposure to the management and policy relevance of their research to achieve beneficial outcomes of funded work. The JFSP also is interested in understanding the science needs of decision-makers, which provides an opportunity for students to enhance their understanding of how science can be used to inform fire-related policy. As a result, these awards are intended to enable graduate students to conduct research that will supplement and enhance the quality, scope, or applicability of their thesis or dissertation to develop information and products useful to managers and decision-makers. Proposals must demonstrate relevance to fire, fuels, or resource management and include means to directly communicate with managers, when applicable, regarding project outcomes. Proposals must be directly related to the mission and goals of JFSP to be considered. Applicants are encouraged to search the JFSP website (www.firescience.gov) to learn more about the scope of JFSP activities. -- In addition, proposals must directly address management or policy related questions related to one or more of the following topic areas: " Fire behavior " Fire effects " Fuels treatments effectiveness " Post-fire recovery " Social issues and fire -- Proposals on other topics will not be reviewed.

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Proposal Body

Literature Cited

Budget Spreadsheet

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Data Management Plan

Advisor Letter

CV

Support Letters

List of Acronyms

Closes on Nov 17, 2016

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14-1-01 Fuels treatment effectiveness across landscapes More Information Actions
The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is soliciting proposals for research that evaluates the effectiveness of fuels treatments across landscapes (>10,000 acres). Studies are needed to determine whether the type and configuration of fuels treatments across landscapes can affect intensity, rate of spread, and patterns of severity for subsequent wildfires, or enable more effective wildfire response. View FON

Closed on Dec 11, 2013

14-1-02 Influence of past wildfires on wildfire behavior, effects and management More Information Actions
The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is soliciting proposals for research that evaluates the influence of past wildfires on subsequent wildfire behavior, effects, and management, including suppression strategies, tactics and costs. View FON

Closed on Dec 11, 2013

14-1-03 Contribution of smoke emissions to secondary organic aerosols More Information Actions
The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is soliciting proposals for research that develops new science and knowledge to support improvement of wildland fire smoke emissions factors for secondary organic aerosols (SOAs). Hydrocarbon emissions that chemically transform within the atmosphere to form secondary organic aerosols are now thought to be a significant component of total PM2.5. New science is needed to better understand the role and significance of wildland fire in formation of SOAs. View FON

Closed on Dec 11, 2013

14-1-04 Effects of smoke from wildland fires on human health in urban centers More Information Actions
The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is soliciting proposals for research that assesses the impact of wildland fire smoke on human health in urban centers in the United States. The Action Plans from each of the National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy (http://www.forestsandrangelands.gov/strategy) regions have identified the need for coordinated science focused on smoke management. Research topics of interest include the extent of past observed adverse health effects using selected case studies, and wildland fire smoke concentration and exposure duration thresholds associated with public health concerns. Proposals should assess a limited number of case studies of historical wildland fire smoke episodes in locations where there is likely to be a recurring need for actions to manage smoke-related public health risk. Case studies may include international cities if they offer lessons of relevance to the United States View FON

Closed on Dec 11, 2013

14-1-05 Compatibility of fire and fuel treatments with threatened and endangered bats More Information Actions
The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is soliciting proposals for research that investigates the compatibility of fire and fuels management activities with habitat and population restoration of federally listed or candidate threatened and endangered (T&E) bat species. Wildland fire managers require up-to-date and high quality science that defines the effects of fuel treatment and wildfire on wildlife habitat in order to effectively establish and maintain resilient landscapes, enhance human communities, and to respond to wildfire. Bats provide important ecosystem services, such as insect and pest predation, pollination, and seed dispersal. Bat species also frequently occur in fire-adapted ecosystems where fuels management and wildfire response activities are designed to maintain and restore resilient landscapes. Thus, we are interested in these activities and how they may also compliment T&E Species habitat conservation and recovery plan objectives. View FON

Closed on Dec 11, 2013

14-1-06 Effects of wildfire on water More Information Actions
The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is soliciting proposals for research that evaluates the effects of wildfire on the quantity, quality, and treatability of drinking water supplies, and their recovery over time. High-quality water is a critical ecosystem service furnished by watersheds to communities across the United States. View FON

Closed on Dec 11, 2013

14-1-07 Fire weather data resolution More Information Actions
Weather data are critical inputs for many important fire management applications, e.g., assessments of fire danger, fire behavior, and smoke dispersion. Scientists and managers alike often assume that increased resolution of fire weather variables leads to increased accuracy of model outputs, thus leading to improved management decisions and outcomes. Increased resolution of weather data comes at a cost, however, and budgetary resources are increasingly scarce. The assumption apparently underlying the argument that higher resolution weather data are needed is that fire and fuel managers hedge against uncertainty by taking less risk. Therefore, higher resolution data reduces uncertainty, thereby opening a wider window for fire and fuels operations at the same levels of risk. In essence, if more reliable model predictions were available, managers would have more flexibility and options. The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is interested in proposals that critically examine this assumption in an operational context. JFSP seeks proposals that examine the sensitivity of modeled results to the resolution of weather variables, and evaluate the importance of modeled results using weather data for fire and fuels management decision-making. View FON

Closed on Dec 11, 2013

14-2-01 New Science Initiative Social Science More Information Actions
The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is interested in sponsoring new research that leads to or advances innovative ideas in two areas of fire social sciences: fire-adapted communities and risk perception. The goal is to push the frontiers of knowledge and understanding and to generate new ideas and concepts. The types of activities appropriate to this task statement are broad, and could include: " Articulation of new concepts or frameworks " A synthesis of information to generate new hypotheses " Scenario analysis " Field activities involving diverse scientists, policy-makers, managers, and citizens " Development of an experimental design to test an innovative hypothesis Proposals should demonstrate how the proposed activities will advance innovative thinking. Proposals must address questions relevant to either of two general themes: fire-adapted communities or risk perception. The following questions are illustrative examples. Investigators are not required to address these specific questions. Fire-adapted communities " What do local leaders and organizers need to know about their communities, fire environment, and risk mitigation in order to build adaptive capacity and encourage adaptation to wildfire? " How do social processes and networks affect community readiness for wildfire? How can we assess adaptive capacity in ways that account for local social processes and networks? " How can wildfire experts and other emergency managers work together so that adaptation for one hazard enhances adaptation for other hazards? " What incentives are most effective in support of fire-adapted communities? Risk perception " What factors influence how risk is perceived by decision-makers and communities, and how does that perception change based on information uncertainty, the immediacy of the risk, or other relevant factors? " How can differences in risk exposure best be communicated to decision-makers and stakeholders? How can understanding of these differences be improved? " How can the spatial and temporal trade-offs in risk best be communicated? What factors influence how stakeholder and public groups perceive these risk trade-offs? " How do risk perceptions vary across public, agency, and cultural groups? View FON

Closed on Dec 11, 2013

14-3-01 Graduate Research Innovation (GRIN) Award More Information Actions
In partnership with the Association for Fire Ecology, the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) invites current M.S. and Ph.D. graduate students enrolled in U.S. colleges or universities in the fields of wildland fire and related human dimensions and ecological sciences to apply for a Graduate Research Innovation (GRIN) award. The purpose of the GRIN awards is to: " Enhance graduate students exposure to and interaction with fire and fuels managers " Develop understanding of fire and fuels managers information and research needs " Augment ongoing research to develop information and/or products useful to managers JFSP recognizes that graduate students of today are the managers, scientists, and leaders of tomorrow. These awards allow graduate students to conduct research that will supplement and enhance the quality, scope, or applicability of their thesis or dissertation, and to build skills needed for independent inquiry. Proposals must describe new, unfunded work that extends ongoing or planned research that is the subject of a thesis or dissertation that has been approved by the graduate students advisory committee. View FON

Closed on Dec 11, 2013

14-4-01 Knowledge Exchange Consortia Pre-proposals More Information Actions
The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is soliciting pre-proposals to support two new consortia of fire science providers and managers to enhance the exchange and adoption of fire science. New consortia will be added to an existing national network of 14 regional consortia, established by JFSP in two phases over the last four years. See the JFSP website or contact the JFSP Program Office (http://www.firescience.gov/JFSP_consortia.cfm) for more information about the knowledge exchange network. Pre-proposals will support initial planning and assessment of management needs for two regions not currently part of this network: 1. Northeast and mid-Atlantic regions 2. Washington, D.C Note that the Washington DC consortium will be different from other consortia because of a focus on the policy-making community rather than field practitioners. For that reason, stakeholders exist across much of the United States and are already served to some degree by the existing national knowledge exchange network. Pre-proposals for a Washington, D.C. centered consortium should consider how this broader set of stakeholders could be supported, including linkages with the existing regional consortia. View FON

Closed on Dec 11, 2013

14-5-01 Fuels Treatment Effectiveness: Landscape-level and Programmatic Economics More Information Actions
The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) is soliciting proposals that assess the cost effectiveness of fuel treatments at multiple scales, as well as a strategy for maintaining previous fuel treatment investments in priority areas. View FON

Closed on Jun 13, 2014