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Project ID: 09-1-06-17

Year: 2009

Date Started: 01/01/2010

Date Completed: 01/08/2014

Title: Temporal Dynamics of Ground, Surface, Ladder, and Crown Fuels and Their Potential Effects on Fire Behavior, Following Dendroctonus ponderosae Epidemics in the Pinus contorta Zone of South-Central Oregon

Project Proposal Abstract: Bark beetles are important mortality agents in North America. These insects have caused mortality over millions of acres during the past 30 or so years. Recently however, the mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) (MPB) has caused extensive lodgepole pine mortality in the western US. Several waves of MPB have occurred over the past 30 years in central and south-central Oregon which peaked at over 1,000,000 acres in 1986. Currently, over 400,000 acres are being impacted in the area. This extensive mortality from bark beetles, and especially the MPB, has raised questions about the potential for catastrophic fire following widespread mortality. Although there is a major concern about fire behavior following widespread tree mortality caused by bark beetles, recent literature has suggested that there is a lack of specific data concerning how MPB caused mortality influences temporal and spatial aspects of fuels and potential fire behavior. This lack of data seriously limits the ability of fire managers to determine when and if fuels treatments will be effective. Our objective is to answer two of the questions stated in PROJECT ANNOUNCEMENT No. FA-RFA09-000, Issue Date: September 24, 2008, Area of Interest, F. Fire, insect outbreak, and windstorm effects on fuel profiles and fire behavior. Specifically for the lodgepole pine forests of south central Oregon, on the Deschutes and Fremont-Winema National Forests, we will address the following: 1. How do fuel profiles (ground, surface, ladder and crown fuels) in lodgepole pine forests change over time in response to MPB epidemics in south-central Oregon? 2. What are the effects of MPB epidemics on future fire behavior in lodgepole pine forests of south-central Oregon and how does fire behavior change over time following the epidemics? We propose a retrospective approach to understanding post-MPB-epidemic fuels for the lodgepole pine type on the Deschutes and Fremont-Winema National Forests in order to reconstruct stand development and ground, surface, ladder, and crown fuels. By selecting stands with different time since MPB epidemic (i.e, developing a chronosequence) these reconstructions will be used to detect temporal changes in stand development and ground, surface, ladder, and crown fuels. To model and estimate the temporal and spatial change in potential fire behavior we will use standard fuel models or, if necessary, custom fuels models from our collected data, in conjunction with the fire behavior algorithms in BehavePlus v 4.0.0, FlamMap, and FARSITE. The dataset will also be provided to federal and state fire managers for fire management applications. These data are clearly needed by forest managers on the Deschutes and Fremont-Winema National Forests to aid prediction of fire hazards following MPB caused mortality.

Principal Investigator: David C. Shaw

Agency/Organization: Oregon State University

Branch or Dept: Forest Resources


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Stephen A. Fitzgerald

Oregon State University

Extension Forestry Program

Co-Principal Investigator

Donald J Helmbrecht

Forest Service

RMRS-Fire Sciences Lab-Missoula

Co-Principal Investigator

Laurie L Kurth

NPS-National Park Service

Mount Rainier National Park

Co-Principal Investigator

Travis J. Woolley

Oregon State University

Forest Resources

Federal Cooperator

Andris N Eglitis

Forest Service

Deschutes National Forest

Federal Fiscal Representative

Gidget C. Bishop

Forest Service

Deschutes National Forest


Project Locations

Consortium

Northwest


Level

State

Agency

Unit

STATE

OR

FS

Fremont National Forest

STATE

OR

FS

Winema National Forest

STATE

OR

FS

Deschutes National Forest


Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
    1444 Government Publication Proceedings of the 3rd Fire Behavior and Fuels Conference.
view or print   322 MS Thesis Influence of Dwarf Mistletoe (Arceuthobium americanum) on Stand Structure, Canopy Fuels, and Fire Be
view or print   735 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Mountain Pine Beetle and Lodgepole Pine: Fuel for Fire?
    753 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Presentation of Project, Goals, Methods, and Deliverables at the Fremont-Winema National Forest Wildlife and Silviculture Workshop
    759 Invited Paper/Presentation Co-Presentation (Travis Woolley and Garrett Meigs) of the research and current state of knowledge regarding insect related mortality in western forests and wildfire - Forest Ecosystems and Society - Departmental Seminar, Oregon State University
    5007 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Temporal Dynamics of Ground, Surface, Ladder, and Crown Fuels and Their Potential Effects on Fire Behavior, Following Dendroctonus ponderosae Epidemics in the Pinus contorta Zone of South-Central Oregon
    4173 Field Demonstration/Tour LaWen Hollingsworth (Collaborator from the Fire Modeling Institute) joined PI’s Dave Shaw and Travis Woolley for a field tour with fire ecologists and silviculturalists from the Fremont-Winema National Forest.
view or print   4174 Poster Mountain Pine Beetle and Lodgepole Pine in South-Central Oregon: Fuel for Fire?
view or print   4175 Poster Mountain Pine Beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) and Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta) in South-Central Oregon: Fuel Dynamics and Consequences for Fire Behavior Through Time
view or print   7443 Dataset (including spatial) Fire and Weather Analyses. Deschutes National Forest, Fremont-Winema National Forest
    4222 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Presentation of project goals, objectives, and progress to the Fremont-Winema FMO meeting including FWNF Fire Ecologists, FMO’s,and Fuel Specialists.
    6875 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Project Goals, Methods, and Deliverables at the First Annual Central Oregon Fire Science Symposium
    6485 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Presentation of project goals, objectives, and progress to the Deschutes National Forest (DNF) Fire Modeling group including the DNF Fire Ecologist, District Fuels Program Manager and Fuel Specialists.
    5554 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Post-disturbance fuel and fire modeling
    5555 Field Demonstration/Tour Post-mountain pine beetle fuels photo series
    5556 Training Session BehavePlus
    5557 Invited Paper/Presentation Temporal dynamics of fuels following mountain pine beetle epidemics int he lodgepole pine zone of south-central oregon.
    5558 Invited Paper/Presentation Lodgepole pine forests following MPB epidemics: consequences for fuels and potential fire behavior across the western US

Supporting Documents

There are no supporting documents available for this project.

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