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Project ID: 09-S-03-1

Year: 2010

Date Started: 10/01/2009

Date Completed: 07/11/2013

Title: Crown Fire Behavior Characteristics and Prediction in Conifer Forests: A State of Knowledge Synthesis

Project Proposal Abstract: The focus of the proposed project will be on synthesizing the available information on crown fire behavior related to conifer forests (e.g., the onset of crowning, type of crown fire and the associated spread rate and fireline intensity, convection column development, spotting, fire-induced vortices). A critical synthesis on crown fire behavior must rest upon as solid a foundation of knowledge as is possible at this time. A sufficient body of scientific, peer-reviewed literature of a practical nature to undertake a synthesis on crown fire behavior presently exists. The literature includes articles published in the Canadian Journal of Forest Research, International Journal of Wildland Fire, Forest Science, Forestry Chronicle, and Australian Forestry. Many of the specific target articles can currently be viewed on the Firehouse website. Input and operational experiences from fire and land managers will also be surveyed and assessed as well as non-refereed publications. The synthesis will be global in nature and is intended for multiple audiences ranging from the general public to college students to fire and land managers to university professors). Publication of the synthesis will be patterned after the popular Australian book Grass Fires: Fuel, Weather and Fire Behaviour published by CSIRO (2nd ed. 2008) and accompanied by a multimedia DVD featuring video imagery and other supporting documentation (e.g., references cited). It is presently envisioned that the book will consist of some 19 chapters ranging from the nature, general characteristics and classification of crown fires to current knowledge regarding crown fire cessation to the operational prediction of crown fire behavior. Data and information, including video footage, obtained during wildfire monitoring and documentation by the USDA Forest Services Adaptive Management Enterprise Services Team (AMEST) fire behavior assessment unit during the past six years will be utilized in the preparation of the DVD and in evaluating existing models for predicting crown fire behavior. AMEST wildfire monitoring activities during the 2010-2012 fire seasons will accordingly be cognizant of certain features associated with crown fire dynamics that should be looked for. A special issue of Fire Management Today devoted to crown fire behavior will serve to highlight the main conclusions and findings contained in the book. A number of outreach activities are planned to solicit input from land managers about the project using the network of fire research and management contacts developed by the project investigators. For example, establishment of a crown fire behavior synthesis neighborhood on MyFireCommunity.Net created by the Widland Fire Lessons Learned Center. An active dialogue on all aspects of the project will be maintained with the National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) Fire Behavior Committee, including a critique of the crown fire component of the S-190, S-290, S-390 and S-490 fire behavior courses. Completion of the manuscripts associated with the two major synthesis documents is expected to take 36 months (October 2009-September 2012). The JFSP Board has approved for funding Project 09-2-01-11 led by P.A. Werth. This project will undoubtedly have a heavy focus on the meteorological and related topographic interactions associated with extreme fire behavior given the backgrounds and experience of the investigators. The present proposal is designed to compliment, not duplicate these efforts. The proposed project will focus solely on crown fire dynamics in conifer forests with a greater emphasis on the fuel component of the fire environment (e.g., moisture content, quantity, bulk density, vertical and horizontal arrangement). The ability to predict fire spread rates and fireline intensities in other fuel complexes (grasslands, shrublands, and activity fuels) will be compared against the knowledge available on crown fires in conifer forest fuel types

Principal Investigator: Martin E. Alexander

Agency/Organization: University of Alberta

Branch or Dept: Department of Renewable Resources


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Miguel G. Cruz

CSIRO-Commonwealth Scientific & Research Organization

Co-Principal Investigator

David L. Peterson

Forest Service

PNW-Seattle-Managing Natural Disturbances

Co-Principal Investigator

Nicole M. Vaillant

Forest Service

PNW-Western Wildland Environmental Threat Assessment Ctr

Federal Cooperator

David L. Peterson

Forest Service

PNW-Seattle-Managing Natural Disturbances

Federal Fiscal Representative

Rebecca A. Slick

Forest Service

PNW-Pacific Northwest Research Station

Technical Contact

Laura L. Burris

Forest Service

PNW-Pacific Northwest Research Station


Project Locations

Consortium

Alaska

Appalachian

California

Great Basin

Great Plains

Lake States

Oak Woodlands

Northern Rockies

Northwest

Pacific

South

Southern Rockies

Southwest

Tallgrass


Level

State

Agency

Unit

NATIONAL

N/A


Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
  go to website 87 Book Fire on Earth: An Introduction
view or print   92 Book Crown fires in conifer forests of the world: Do you have something to contribute or would like to kn
view or print   1791 Government Publication Chapter 8 - Crown Fire Dynamics in Conifer Forests
view or print   1523 Government Publication Towards the Understanding of Extreme Wildland Fire Behavior
view or print go to website 2983 Journal Article International Journal of Wildland Fire
view or print go to website 3076 Journal Article International Journal of Wildland Fire
view or print go to website 3077 Journal Article International Journal of Wildland Fire
view or print go to website 3078 Journal Article The Forestry Chronicle
view or print go to website 3079 Journal Article Forest Ecology and Management
view or print   3475 Journal Article The Forestry Chronicle
view or print   3490 Journal Article Forestry
view or print go to website 3363 Journal Article Environmental Modelling & Software
view or print go to website 3368 Journal Article International Journal of Wildland Fire
view or print go to website 3422 Journal Article Fire Management Today
view or print   3267 Journal Article The Forestry Chronicle
view or print   3423 Journal Article Environmental Modelling & Software
view or print   3283 Journal Article NRC Research Press
view or print go to website 3296 Journal Article International Journal of Wildland Fire
view or print   7444 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Use of fire behaviour models to support silvicultural and fuel management decision making in industr
view or print   4532 Invited Paper/Presentation JFSP Crown Fire Behavior Synthesis Project
view or print   7514 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Synthesizing knowledge on crown fire behavior in conifer forests: we could use your help!
view or print   4481 Conference/Symposia/Workshop On the Value of Wildland Fire Behavior Case Studies
view or print   4483 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Crown Fires in Conifer Forests of the World: Do You Have Something to Contribute or Would Like to Know About Something? - Poster
view or print   4484 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Crown Fires in Conifer Forests of the World: Do You Have Something to Contribute or Would Like to Know About Something? - Abstract
view or print   4485 Conference/Symposia/Workshop What are the Safety Implications of Crown Fires?
view or print   4486 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Introducing the Canopy Fuel Stratum Characteristic Calculator
view or print   4487 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Towards a Crown Fire Synthesis: What Would You Like to Know and What Might You Be Able to Contribute?
view or print   4269 Invited Paper/Presentation JFSP Crown Fire Behavior Synthesis Project
view or print   4271 Conference/Symposia/Workshop What Kind of Fire Behavior is Required to Open Serotinous Cones of Jack Pine and Lodgepole Pine? - Abstract
view or print   4272 Conference/Symposia/Workshop What Kind of Fire Behavior is Required to Open Serotinous Cones of Jack Pine and Lodgepole Pine? - Presentation
view or print   3820 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Crown Fires in Conifer Forests of the World: Do You Have Something to Contribute or Would Like to Know About Something? - Abstract
view or print   3821 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Introducing the Canopy Fuel Stratum Characteristic Calculator
view or print   3822 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Towards a Crown Fire Synthesis: What Would You Like to Know and What Might You be Able to Contribute?
view or print   3823 Conference/Symposia/Workshop What are the Safety Implications of Crown Fires?
view or print   3824 Conference/Symposia/Workshop On the Value of Wildland Fire Behavior Case Studies
  go to website 3825 Website Project website
  go to website 3826 Website Crown Fire Initiation and Spread (CFIS) Software System website
  go to website 3827 Website My Fire Community Neighborhood website
view or print go to website 6250 Invited Paper/Presentation VI Short Course on Fire Behaviour
view or print   6120 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Crown Fires in Conifer Forests of the World: Do You Have Something to Contribute or Would Like to Know About Something?
    6813 Book or Book Chapter Crown Fires in Conifer Forests of the World: Do You Have Something to Contribute or Would you Like to Know About Something?
view or print   5677 Conference/Symposia/Workshop The 1958 Wandilo Forest Fire Tragedy Revisited
view or print   5385 Conference/Symposia/Workshop IAWF 2013 Workshop agenda - Crown Fire Behavior in Conifer Forests
view or print   7263 Conference/Symposia/Workshop The 1958 Wandilo Forest Fire Tragedy Revisited
view or print   7153 Conference/Symposia/Workshop IAWF 2013 Workshop material - Crown Fire Behavior in Conifer Forests
view or print   7171 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Synthesizing Knowledge on Crown Fire Behavior in Conifer Forests: We Could Use Your Help!

Supporting Documents

There are no supporting documents available for this project.

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