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Project ID: 15-1-01-1

Year: 2015

Date Started: 10/01/2015

Ending Date:  09/30/2018

Title: Mapping Fuels for Regional Smoke Management and Emissions Inventories

Project Proposal Abstract: Fuel loadings, from canopy to litter and duff, are key variables for informing wildland fire emissions inventories. At regional to national scales, fuel loadings and their spatial patterns vary in both space and time, but current geospatial fuel datasets do not account for this variability, making inventories of smoke and emissions challenging, hard to replicate, and difficult to defend both scientifically and for their diverse applications to policy and management. We propose to develop maps of fuels for the Contiguous United States (CONUS) and Alaska (AK) that will incorporate their variability and enable an accurate quantitative accounting of fire emissions with a realistic assessment of uncertainty. The goal is to develop fuels mapping products for national- and regional-scale modeling of emissions. We accomplish this by assigning each component of a fuel type (e.g., FCCS fuelbed) a characteristic range of variation that accounts for variability of fuel loadings in space and time computed from high-quality field-based datasets available from extensive field sampling over the past 20 years. The project has three objectives: (1) Develop methods to map and validate wildland fuel loadings for emissions modeling that incorporate spatial and temporal variation at multiple scales; (2) create and distribute geospatial fuels and emissions products for regional and national smoke management and emissions inventories; and (3) evaluate sources of uncertainty and data gaps for emissions estimates using a sensitivity analysis of emissions models to fuel variability informed by distributions of fuel characteristics. These tasks include tapping the large set of data used in developing the FCCS fuelbeds and other field data to characterize fuel loadings statistically for each fuelbed stratum. Fuel loadings distributions can then be exploited to employ fuel loadings in modeling fire emissions in a quantitative and statistically rigorous method. Two sub-tasks planned are to: (1b) demonstrate map validation at three geographic locations in CONUS and AK using existing field data collected in accordance with validation methodology requirements; and (2b) develop a web-based system to access, map, and use the database and information on fuel loadings created in the proposed project. The project deliverables include a geospatial database of fuel loading distributions; software to manipulate and display its contents; sample outputs and guidance on how to use the database; and reports on results of the sensitivity analysis and validation methods, successes, and challenges. Our project results will be presented through journal publications, symposium papers, and a webinar to be facilitated by JFSP regional consortia to inform the user community about project outcomes and datasets and tools valuable for emissions modeling.

Principal Investigator: Nancy H. French

Agency/Organization: Michigan Technological University

Branch or Dept: Michigan Tech Research Institute


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Agreements Contact

Vi T. Ta

Forest Service

PNW-Pacific Northwest Research Station

Budget Contact

Phillip A. Won

Forest Service

PNW-Pacific Northwest Research Station

Co-Principal Investigator

Michael G. Billmire

Michigan Technological University

Michigan Tech Research Institute

Co-Principal Investigator

Maureen C. Kennedy

University of Washington

School of Forest Resources

Co-Principal Investigator

Narasimhan K. Larkin

Forest Service

PNW-AirFire Research Team

Co-Principal Investigator

Donald Z. McKenzie

Forest Service

PNW-Seattle-Managing Natural Disturbances

Co-Principal Investigator

Susan J. Prichard

University of Washington

School of Forest Resources

Collaborator/Contributor

Eric S. Kasischke

University of Maryland

Department of Geography

Funding Cooperator

Roger D. Ottmar

Forest Service

PNW-Seattle-Managing Natural Disturbances


Project Locations

Fire Science Exchange Network

Alaska

South

Other


Level

State

Agency

Unit

NATIONAL

FED

REGIONAL

Interior West

MULTIPLE

REGIONAL

Southeast

MULTIPLE

STATE

AK

MULTIPLE


Project Deliverables

There is no final report available for this project.
  ID Type Title
view or print   7875 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Mapping Fuels for Regional Smoke Management and Emissions Inventories
view or print   7876 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Developing the next generation of fuel loading data useful for emissions modeling.
view or print go to website 7931 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Improving Fuel Characterization and Maps useful for Emissions and Smoke Modeling

Supporting Documents

There are no supporting documents available for this project.

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