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Project ID: 12-1-07-2

Year: 2012

Date Started: 10/01/2012

Ending Date:  04/30/2017

Title: Assessment of Prescribed Fire Emissions and Inventories

Project Proposal Abstract: The demand for fire emissions information has increased over the last decade due to a number of factors  from increased needs for smoke impact assessments to more demand for carbon accounting. With the likelihood of more stringent air quality standards, state and federal agencies are working to address non-attainment issues, including creating implementation plans for National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) exceedences and the Regional Haze Rule. Additionally, demands for real-time access to smoke forecasts have increased as public tolerance of smoke decreases. Management agencies have a clear interest in understanding and utilizing the best and most cost effective fire emissions systems for reports and inventories. We propose a comprehensive assessment of systems for producing and accessing speciated (e.g., CO2, CO, CH4, VOC, PM, Carbon, Black Carbon, NOx, N2O) fire emissions information over a range of needs, from detailed inventories for smoke modeling to national annual totals for carbon reporting. We will examine the scientific accuracy of fire emissions models, as well as specific business needs, costs, and opportunities for the management community to obtain appropriate fire emissions information. To do so, we build off of existing work, particularly the results of the Smoke and Emissions Model Intercomparison Project (JFSP #08-1-6-10), expanding that project to cover all aspects of fire emissions reporting and inventory creation for both wildland (wildfire and prescribed burning) and agricultural fire. This work will include all commonly used fire emissions systems, as well as fire emissions calculation pathways available by combining fire information systems with existing fuels, consumption, and emissions models. Both existing and near-term developing systems, such as the Integrated Reporting of Wildland-Fire Information (IRWIN) system, will be examined. In order to make the results accessible to the management community, a Quick-Catalog describing each system, its use, capabilities, and limitations will be created. In addition, a comprehensive technical repository will be developed to coincide with the catalog where all aspects of each system will be thoroughly documented. Through intensive outreach, surveys and interviews of managers and regulators we will create a thorough analysis of business needs, costs, and potential opportunities. By combining scientific analysis, business analysis, and thorough documentation, the proposed work will place current fire emissions calculations and inventories in the context of what is scientifically and technically feasible and create cost-effective options for the federal, state, and local land management and fire communities.

Principal Investigator: Narasimhan K. Larkin

Agency/Organization: Forest Service

Branch or Dept: PNW-AirFire Research Team

Other Project Collaborators




Branch or Dept

Agreements Contact

Vi T. Ta

Forest Service

PNW-Pacific Northwest Research Station

Budget Contact

Jeannette M. Connolly

Forest Service

PNW-Pacific Northwest Research Station

Co-Principal Investigator

Nancy H. French

Michigan Technological University

Michigan Tech Research Institute

Co-Principal Investigator

Crystal A. Kolden

University of Idaho

Department of Forest, Rangeland and Fire Sciences

Co-Principal Investigator

Sean Raffuse

University of California-Davis

Crocker Nuclear Laboratory

Co-Principal Investigator

Tara M. Strand

NZ Crown Research Institute (Scion)

Co-Principal Investigator

Dana C. Sullivan

Sonoma Technology Inc.

Atmospheric Modeling & Information Systems

Co-Principal Investigator

Kelly J. Wendland

University of Idaho

Department of Conservation Social Sciences


Gary M. Curcio

North Carolina

DFR-Ralph Winkworth Forestry Center


Susan M. O’Neill

Forest Service

PNW-AirFire Research Team


Wib L. Owen

North Carolina

DFR-Division of Forest Resources


Venkatesh Rao

EPA-Environmental Protection Agency

Air Quality Planning & Standards


Trent Wickman

Forest Service

Superior National Forest

Funding Cooperator

Narasimhan K. Larkin

Forest Service

PNW-AirFire Research Team

Project Locations

Fire Science Exchange Network




Great Basin

Great Plains

Lake States

Oak Woodlands

Northern Rockies




Southern Rockies


















Project Deliverables

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There are no deliverables available for this project.

Supporting Documents

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