Print Friendly and PDF

Advanced Search Results Detail

Project ID: 08-1-4-01

Year: 2008

Date Started: 05/01/2008

Date Completed: 06/30/2011

Title: The Interplay of AMR, Suppresion Costs, Community Interaction, and Organizational Performace - A Multi-Disciplinary Approach

Project Proposal Abstract: Wildland fire management must balance the multiple objectives of protecting life, property and resources; reducing hazardous fuels; and restoring ecosystems. Increasingly, these policy imperatives must be met while achieving cost containment. One key to balancing these objectives is exercising management flexibility through the use of Appropriate Management Response (AMR). While AMR is a compelling vision, we lack specifics about the factors that influence strategic and tactical decision-making and the ecologic, economic, and social effects of management actions. Our proposed collaborative project fills this void by integrating multiple disciplinary perspectives through a mix of quantitative and qualitative methodologies to investigate 1) key relationships theorized to influence the practice of AMR, including how community interaction increases or decreases the opportunity to exercise AMR (Bullets 6, 7) and 2) how the practice of AMR in 2007 and 2008 may/may not contribute to cost containment (Bullets 2, 3,7, 8) and organizational performance (Bullets 1, 7). By using this approach, we will provide land managers with scientifically grounded information about the interplay of fire management strategies/tactics and wildland fire management costs (to federal, state and local governments), community interaction, and key fire policy objectives (safety, value protection, ecosystem restoration), as well as a protocol for tracking progress. We propose a three phase research design to understand the relationships among cost, community interaction, organizational performance and flexibility in fire management strategy and tactics in the FY 2007 and 2008 fire seasons. We will combine an in-depth focus on the Northern Rockies Geographic Area with a broad, national focus to address these issues. In Phase 1, we will develop a sampling frame by creating a typology of fire management strategies. This typology will be used in preliminary analysis of FY 2007 fires and provide a sampling framework from which to draw a sample of FY 2008 fires. In Phase 2, we will complete on-going investigations from FY2007 to begin to understand how each factor (cost, community interaction and organizational performance) influences and is influenced by flexibility. We will then integrate these results and refine our protocols for data collection on FY 2008 fires. In Phase 3, we will carry out research on the FY2008 fires using our common framework and approach, integrate these findings and disseminate our results. Research will be conducted in close communication with fire managers, producing multiple opportunities for exchange of ideas, sharing of preliminary results and interpretations, and opportunities to refine metric definitions and data collection protocols to best meet both management and research needs.Benefits derived from this research include: 1) clearer description for fire managers of the relationships among cost (to federal, state and local entities), community interaction, safety, ecology, organizational performance, and AMR to fire management strategies and tactics; 2) Draft performance evaluation and assessment protocols that allow the agencies to monitor organizational performance trends ? both process (agency administrators and incident management team relations) and outcome (the impact of a given fire on human safety, values at risk, community relations and ecosystems); and 3) minimize the burden on AA and IMTs during an incident by coordinating efforts, e.g., consolidating data collection protocols and field visits.

Principal Investigator: Anne E. Black

Agency/Organization: Forest Service

Branch or Dept: RMRS-Rocky Mountain Research Station

Other Project Collaborators




Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Krista M. Gebert

Forest Service

RMRS-Intermountain Fire Sciences Lab

Co-Principal Investigator

Sarah M. McCaffrey

Forest Service

NRS-Northern Research Station

Co-Principal Investigator

Toddi A. Steelman

North Carolina State University-Raleigh

Department of Forestry & Environmental Resources

Federal Cooperator

Anne E. Black

Forest Service

RMRS-Rocky Mountain Research Station

Project Locations

Fire Science Exchange Network




Great Basin

Great Plains

Lake States

Oak Woodlands

Northern Rockies




Southern Rockies











Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
view or print   978 Government Publication The Key Decision Log: Facilitating High Reliability and Organizational Learning
    979 Government Publication Community-Agency Interaction in Fire Management
view or print   1025 Government Publication An Interim Report on the Interplay of Wildland Fire Suppression Costs and Decision-Making
    1063 Government Publication Power point presentation summarizing agency-community interaction research for presentation by NIMO during their pre-season outreach.
view or print   1522 Government Publication A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to Fire Management Strategy, Suppression Costs, Community Interaction, and Organizational Performance
    2831 Journal Article Effect of Suppression Strategies on Federal Wildland Fire Expenditures
view or print   3273 Journal Article Best Practices in Risk and Crises Communication: Implications for Natural Hazards Management
    248 MS Thesis Characteristics of Effecive Communication Before and During a Wildland Fire Event: Evidence from the Hat Creek Complex Fire, 2009 (C. Sawyer)
    249 MS Thesis What’s Driving Fire Management Costs: Public or Agency Factors? (J. Briefel)
    117 Progress Report A progress report on the Community-Agency interactions research designed for managers presenting the outline of the project and purpose, research sites and key research findings from 2008 field season.
    603 Training Session Training on the KDL was provided to USFS Region 1 Regional and Forest Leadership and Fire staff as part of theForest Services Accountable Cost Management Strategy for 2008.
    604 Training Session The 4 NIMO teams presented a short powerpoint on KDL as part of their pre-season Regional and Forest workshops for Continuous Improvement in Large Fire Management in USDA Forest Service Regions 1, 2, 4, 5, and 6.
    606 Training Session Progress report and training presentation to the Type 1 and 2 Incident Commanders and Planning Section Chiefs.
    607 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Integrating Understanding: How Multiple Perspectives Enhance Fire Research--Savannah, GA
    608 Invited Paper/Presentation The Key Decision Log: Developing and Testing One Aspect of a Balanced Scorecard to Facilitate Continuous Improvement in Fire Management--Savannah, GA
    609 Poster Invited poster for JFSP 10-year review.
    636 Training Session Training for USDA Forest Service Region 2 fire and line, on the KDL was integrated into the Forest Services Accountable Cost Management Strategy for 2008.
    637 Training Session Training on the KDL was provided to the USFS Region 6 Regional and Forest Leadership and Fire staff in Portland,OR, July 7-9 as part of the Forest Services Accountable Cost Management Strategy for 2008.
    638 Training Session Training on the KDL was provided to USFS Region 4 Regional and Forest Leadership and Fire staff as part of the Forest Services Accountable Cost Management Strategy for 2008.
    1136 Invited Paper/Presentation Working With the Public--Bothel, WA
    1137 Invited Paper/Presentation Community-Agency Interaction in Fire Management--Tucson, AZ
    1138 Invited Paper/Presentation Community-Agency Interaction in Fire Management--Raleigh NC, broadcast nationally
    1139 Invited Paper/Presentation Community-Agency Interaction in Fire Management--Tucson, AZ
    1144 Invited Paper/Presentation Community-Agency Interaction in Fire Management--Tucson, AZ
    1146 Invited Paper/Presentation Community-Agency Interaction in Fire Management--Raleigh, NC via remote video link
    1147 Invited Paper/Presentation Community-Agency Interaction in Fire Management--Raleigh NC (teleconference)
view or print   1327 Field Demonstration/Tour Experimenting with Ways to Report and Improve Alignment of Incident Objectives with Incident Outcomes
view or print   1408 Progress Report Project Update for the Northern Rockies Coordination Group fall meeting.
view or print   1409 Field Demonstration/Tour Key Decision Log for the Backbone Fire
  go to website 1410 Website Provides an overview of the JFSP project and products.
    5272 Invited Paper/Presentation Schultz Fire: Public Survey Data Results
    4265 Invited Paper/Presentation Understanding Information Flows During Wildfires: Methodological Insights from Social Network Analysis--San Antonio, TX
    6674 Training Session KDL Progress and training for USFS Region 4 Regional Leadership Team and Fire Management.
    6354 Invited Paper/Presentation Communication Efficacy on Wildfires: Community Perceptions and Social Network Insights--NIMO
    6355 Invited Paper/Presentation Communication Efficacy on Wildfires: Community Perceptions and Social Network Insights--Atlanta, GA
    5417 Training Session At the request of Lolo NF Fire Management Officer and NRCG member Chuck Stanich, Black participated in an incident management training course for new line officers of all federal land management agencies in Idaho and Montana. We incorporated the KDL into a day-long simulation.
  go to website 6939 Computer Model/Software/Algorithm The Key Decision Log

Supporting Documents

There are no supporting documents available for this project.

Convert PDF documents to an html document using Adobe's online conversion tool.
Download Adobe Acrobat Reader