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Project ID: 08-1-2-07

Year: 2008

Date Started: 10/01/2008

Date Completed: 11/20/2012

Title: Prescribing Fire in Managed Oak Forest Landscapes: Interactions with the Invasive Tree Ailanthus Altissima

Project Proposal Abstract: Ailanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) is a nonnative invasive species that is common in the region and can invade and expand dramatically when forests are disturbed. The Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Forestry, has instituted a prescribed fire program to sustain oak forests. To better understand the interactions fo fire and Ailanthus, we propose a research project in Tar Hollow State Forest. Ailanthus is widely distributed in the forest, most often along roadsides, but it is also present as scattered individuals and larger patches within the interior of forest stands. Since 2001, prescribed fire has been applied to 2,100 acres within a 9,600 acre portion of the forest. Our first objective is to gain a better understanding of how the distribution and abundance of Ailanthus is related to recent fires, seed sources, and other landscape and stand characteristics. To accomplish this, we will employ digital aerial sketch mapping technology to map the location of adult female trees (seed-producers). We will also establish a systematic grid of sample plots to quantify the abundance and demography of Ailanthus, as well as other stand attributes (e.g., fire, harvesting, stand structure). From this data, we will produce a model of key factors related to the presence and abundance of Ailanthus across the landscape. The second objective is to quantify the direct effects of prescribed fire on the demography of Ailanthus populations, with and without the pre-burn application of herbicide. Here we will quantify demographic attributes (survival, topkill, sprouting, establishment) of Ailanthus in a field experiment with four treatment combinations: 1) no herbicide, no fire, 2) herbicide, no fire, 3) no herbicide, fire, and 4) herbicide, fire. This project seeks to provide a new cost-effective tool to map Ailanthus seed sources and to gain a better understanding of how Ailanthus responds to fire. If Ailanthus is favored by fire, we will also determine whether pre-burn herbicide application can be used to mitigate this effect, so that prescribed fire can be successful in the ultimate goal of improving oak regeneration. A field tour, workshop and accompanying publications will be used to provide guidance on conducting prescribed fires in the presence of Ailanthus within managed oak forest landscapes. Management recommendations will be incorporated into the SILVAH:OAK Decision Support System software and training curriculum.

Principal Investigator: Joanne X. Rebbeck

Agency/Organization: Forest Service

Branch or Dept: NRS-Forest Health-Sustaining Forests


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Todd F. Hutchinson

Forest Service

NRS-Northern Research Station

Co-Principal Investigator

Louis Iverson

Forest Service

NRS-Northern Research Station

Co-Principal Investigator

Daniel A. Yaussy

Forest Service

NRS-Forest Health-Sustaining Forests

Federal Cooperator

Joanne X. Rebbeck

Forest Service

NRS-Forest Health-Sustaining Forests


Project Locations

Consortium

Appalachian


Level

State

Agency

Unit

STATE

OH

FED

ALL


Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
view or print   1603 Government Publication Prescribing Fire in Managed Oak Forest Landscapes: Interactions with the Invasive Tree Ailanthus altissima
view or print   3367 Journal Article Fire Management and Woody Invasive Plants in Oak Ecosystems
view or print   1322 Poster Aerial Mapping of Female Ailanthus altissima Trees in Ohio Mixed Oak Forests
    1411 Invited Paper/Presentation Managing Ohio Forests with Tree-of-Heaven Infestations: A Research Update--Portsmouth, OH.
    1412 Invited Paper/Presentation The Impact of Management Practices on Tree-of-Heaven Invasions in Ohio Forests--Canters Cave, OH
view or print   5167 Poster Aerial Mapping of Female Ailanthus altissima Trees in Ohio Mixed Oak Forests
view or print   5169 Poster Use of Aerial Surveys to Map and Treat Ailanthus altissima Trees on Large Forested Landscapes in Ohio
    4350 Invited Paper/Presentation Managing Ailanthus in Ohio Forests: A Research Update--Cambridge Ohio.
    4351 Invited Paper/Presentation Ailanthus and a Fungal Pathogen, Verticillium Wilt--Canter’s Cave, OH
    3938 Invited Paper/Presentation Fire Management and Invasive Plants in Oak Ecosystems--Springfield, MO
    3939 Invited Paper/Presentation Biological Control of Ailanthus Cooperators Meeting--Chambersburg, PA
    3940 Training Session Ailanthus Basics & Wilt ID: USDA Forest Service employees and volunteers of the Wayne National Forest
    3941 Invited Paper/Presentation Fire Management and the Invasive Tree, Ailanthus--Greenville, KY
view or print   6395 Field Demonstration/Tour Field tour stop: Ohio Oak SILVAH Training Session, Vinton Furnace State Experimental Forest
  go to website 6404 Website JFSP Research ProjectPrescribing fire in managed oak forest landscapes: interactions with the invasive tree Ailanthus altissimaStudy Plan
    5888 Field Demonstration/Tour Gave highlights of research project at Forestry of Ohio’s Public Lands Teacher Field Days: Weeds and Pests in the Woods.
    5512 Invited Paper/Presentation 21st USDA Interagency Research Forum on Invasive Species, Annapolis, MD
view or print   5771 Field Demonstration/Tour Forest and Restoration Field Trip EcoSummit 2012 Vinton Furnace State Experimental Forest
view or print   5386 Photo Aerial view of female Ailanthus trees with seeds
  go to website 5810 Invited Paper/Presentation Does Prescribed Fire Increase the Invasiveness of Ailanthus?--Indianapolis, IN
    6002 Invited Paper/Presentation Forest Management and the Invasive Tree, Ailanthus--Columbus, OH
    6003 Invited Paper/Presentation Ailanthus and Forest Management Research Update--Hocking State Forest, OH
    6004 Poster Aerial Mapping of Female Ailanthus altissima Trees in Ohio Mixed Oak Forests
view or print   6005 Photo Ailanthus research plots immediately after Rx fire
view or print   7265 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Managing Ohio Woodlands: The "Challenges" of Ailanthus Workshop and Field Tour
    7266 Poster Predicting the Importance of Prescribed Fire and Management Activities on the Presence, and Abundance of Ailanthus altissima Within Mixed Oak Forested Landscapes

Supporting Documents

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