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Project ID: 06-2-1-33

Year: 2006

Date Started: 07/07/2006

Date Completed: 12/07/2010

Title: Fuel Consumption and Smoke Emissions From Landscape-Scale Burns in Eastern Hardwoods

Project Proposal Abstract: Prescribed burning in eastern hardwood forests is becoming increasingly important for promoting forest health and reducing fuels at the same time that concerns about the impacts of fire emissions on regional airsheds, human health, and wildlife are increasing. This proposal seeks to estimate fuel consumption and smoke emissions from landscape-scale fires while bringing researchers and key players in the management community together to explore uncertainty in smoke management models and kick-start the development of statewide Smoke Management Programs (SMP's) for Ohio and Kentucky. SMP's are part of an accelerating national process mandated by Regional Haze Rules. Research and science delivery will focus on three related objectives designed to boost fire monitoring and smoke management capabilities in hardwood forests: calibrate airborne infrared (IR) imagery for estimating fuel consumption and fire behavior; estimate fuel consumption and smoke emission for landscape-scale, dormant-season prescribed burns; and conduct field visits and workshops with managers to characterize fuels, model smoke emissions, quantify model uncertainty, and develop SMP's. Sites where fuels and fires will be characterized in this study include undisturbed hardwoods, hardwoods heavily disturbed by an ice storm, and hardwood sites emerging from heavy pine mortality caused by a regional bark beetle outbreak. In order to quantify smoke management model uncertainty, fuel consumption and emissions will be estimated on the same burns for which managers will characterize fuels and model smoke production. Smoke production estimates will be made for landscape burns with (calibrated) airborne IR imagery and on-the-ground smoke monitoring equipment. Managers will be assisted in fuel characterization and smoke modeling by regional Air Resource Specialists and the developers of the fuel Photo Series, Fuel Characteristics Classification System (FCCS), and CONSUME. The Photo Series, FCCS, and CONSUME are tools widely used by managers in smoke management modeling.

Principal Investigator: Matthew B. Dickinson

Agency/Organization: Forest Service

Branch or Dept: NRS-Forest Health-Sustaining Forests


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Ann L. Acheson

Forest Service

WO-Air Quality Program

Co-Principal Investigator

Robert Kremens

Rochester Institute of Technology

Imaging Science

Collaborator/Contributor

Mike Bowden

Ohio

DNR-Department of Natural Resources

Collaborator/Contributor

Elizabeth J. Bunzendahl

Forest Service

Daniel Boone National Forest

Collaborator/Contributor

Roger D. Ottmar

Forest Service

PNW-Seattle-Managing Natural Disturbances

Collaborator/Contributor

Valerie Young

Ohio State University

Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering

Federal Cooperator

Michael T. Rains

Forest Service

NRS-Northern Research Station


Project Locations

Consortium

Appalachian


Level

State

Agency

Unit

STATE

OH

STATE

State Lands

STATE

KY

FED

Other Federal Lands


Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
view or print   1423 Government Publication Characterizing Smoke Emissions and Behavior of Landscape-Scale RX Fires in Ohio and Kentucky with Airborne and In-Fire Sensors and Field Sampling
view or print go to website 3393 Journal Article Fire Ecology
view or print go to website 2893 Journal Article Canadian Journal of Forest Research
view or print   253 MS Thesis Microclimatic and Topographic Controls of Fire Radiative Energy in Southeastern Ohio
  go to website 1065 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Estimation of Fire Radiative Energy and Fuel Consumption Using Aerial Infrared Imagery
  go to website 3256 Website This website describes the fire behavior and effects research program of which work on fuel consumption in mixed-oak forests is a key part.
view or print go to website 2601 Poster Landscape Estimates of Heat Release from Prescribed Fires: Analysis and Calibration of Infrared Imagery From Aircraft
view or print go to website 2602 Invited Paper/Presentation Fire Behavior and Effects Monitoring
view or print go to website 2603 Poster Landscape Estimates of Total Heat Release and Fuel Consumption from Prescribed Fires: Analysis and Calibration of Sequential Infrared Images from Aircraft
view or print go to website 2654 Poster Extraction of Active Fire Fronts from Airborne Time-Sequence Imaging of the Arch Rock Fire in Southeast Ohio
view or print go to website 2655 Poster WASP-Lite Data Collection April 20, 2007: Tar Hollow, Kentucky
view or print go to website 2656 Progress Report 2007 Progress Report
  go to website 4509 Poster Mapping Heat Production from Wildland Fires Using Time-Sequenced Airborne Imaging
  go to website 4510 Invited Paper/Presentation What Fire Metrology Can Do For You: Validation of FIre Models and Quantification of Fire Effects
view or print go to website 4058 Poster Landscape Estimates of Heat Release from Prescribed Fires: Analysis and Calibration of Infrared Imagery from Aircraft
view or print go to website 4511 Training Session Fuel Consumption and Smoke Emissions from Prescribed Burns in Mixed-Oak Forests
    4217 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Exploring Spatial Relations: Fire Energy and Potential Evapotranspiration
  go to website 4218 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Linking Aerial Remote Sensing of Infrared Radiation with Effects on Vegetation and Bats
    4219 Invited Paper/Presentation Remote Sensing of the Heat Environment
    4264 Training Session Using Aerial Infrared Imaging to Estimate Wildland Fire Heat Release and Fuel Consumption
    4057 Invited Paper/Presentation Aerial Infrared Monitoring of Prescribed Fires in Eastern Hardwoods
    6764 Invited Paper/Presentation Fire Effects Research and Application
view or print go to website 5715 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Ohio & Kentucky Smoke Management Workshop and Training Session
view or print go to website 6092 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Ohio & Kentucky Smoke Management Workshop and Training Session

Supporting Documents

There are no supporting documents available for this project.

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