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Project ID: 06-1-2-03

Year: 2006

Date Started: 05/19/2006

Date Completed: 05/20/2010

Title: Invasive Species Response to Fire and Post-Fire Rehabilitation Following the 2005 School Fire, Umatilla National Forest

Project Proposal Abstract: Invasive species are spreading rapidly on rangelands and in dry forests and pose serious ecological and economic threats to our environment. Managers are very concerned about weed spread following the 2005 School Fire that burned 21,000 ha of state, private and Umatilla National Forest lands, in WA. Severely burned areas within the fire were treated with various mulching and seed treatments to control erosion and improve native re-vegetation. Weeds follow disturbances such as fire and harvesting because of the removal of existing vegetation, increase in exposed soil, and increased forest floor light levels. The effects of mulching and seeding treatments on soil and native vegetation recovery and the spread of invasive species are not well documented or understood. This proposal addresses JFSP AFP 2006-1 Task 2. A rapid response protocol was used to establish 84 plots shortly after the fire to prevent the loss of this critical, time-sensitive data. We propose additional sampling across the range of pre-fire treatment conditions (thinning and prescribed burning), burn severities and post-fire treatments (seeding and mulching) to describe and analyze soil and vegetation recovery in treated and untreated areas. Multitemporal high-resolution remotely sensed images will be used to detect burn severity and produce a map from which managers can better monitor invasive species spread. Results will be shared with local managers via annual reports and two workshop/field trips, at BAER Team Leader Meetings and at various trainings coordinated with collaborating research and technology transfer projects. We will contribute to a proposed GTR and produce two peer-reviewed publications. These results combined with other ongoing monitoring efforts will provide much-needed information about the effectiveness of pre-fire fuels and post-fire rehabilitation treatments to mitigate fire effects and weed response and will help managers make better decisions in the future.

Principal Investigator: Peter R. Robichaud

Agency/Organization: Forest Service

Branch or Dept: RMRS-Forestry Sciences Lab-Moscow


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Andrew T. Hudak

Forest Service

RMRS-Forestry Sciences Lab-Moscow

Co-Principal Investigator

Leigh B. Lentile

Sewanee-The University of the South

Department of Forestry & Geology

Co-Principal Investigator

Sarah Lewis

Washington State University-Pullman

Biological Systems Engineering

Co-Principal Investigator

Penny M. Morgan

University of Idaho

Department of Forest Resources

Collaborator/Contributor

Caty F. Clifton

Forest Service

Umatilla National Forest

Federal Cooperator

James Saveland

Forest Service

RMRS-Natural Resources Research Center


Project Locations

Consortium

Great Basin

Northwest


Level

State

Agency

Unit

REGIONAL

Interior West

FS


Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
view or print   1647 Government Publication Assessing Soil and Vegetation Recovery Following the 2005 School Fire, Umatilla National Forest
    1089 Field Demonstration/Tour Field Trip for Umatilla NF Personell, Regional and WO Staffer
view or print   1090 Field Demonstration/Tour Field Trip with Youth Conservation Corps (YCC) Students
view or print   1181 Poster Impacts of Pre-Fire Site Conditions, Burn Severity, and Post-Fire Treatments on Plant Regeneration Following the 2005 School Fire
view or print   1184 Poster Assessing Soil and Vegetation Recovery Following the 2005 School Fire --4 Years Post-Fire--
    1185 Dataset (including spatial) Re-Sampled 90 Study Sites in June and July 2008
    1186 Dataset (including spatial) Four-Year Post-Fire (2009) Quickbird Satellite Image of the School Fire
    1187 Dataset (including spatial) Re-Sampled 90 Study Sites in June 2009: 1/3 Salvage Harvest, 1/3 Natural Recovery, and 1/3 Experimentally Treated for Erosion Mitigation
    2050 Invited Paper/Presentation Latest Findings on Effectiveness of Various Postfire Rehabilitation Treatments
    2051 Invited Paper/Presentation Treatment Effectiveness Monitoring
view or print   2086 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Using Quickbird Satellite Imagery for Post-Wildfire Management and Research
    2587 Dataset (including spatial) Installed ~ 90 Study Sites Across the Range of Pre- and Post-Fire Conditions to Monitor Soil and Vegetation Recovery on the School Fire During April-August 2006
    1868 Invited Paper/Presentation Using Quickbird Satellite Imagery for Post-Wildfire Management and Research
view or print   2106 Photo Native grass seeding after one growing season.
view or print   2107 Photo High burn severity salvage-logged site in 2007.
view or print   2108 Photo Yellow starthistle plant found in Tucannon River valley in 2006.
view or print   2109 Photo Vegetation Spectra Collection in the Tucannon River Valley in Summer 2006.
    2112 Invited Paper/Presentation We gave an invited talk at the 2009 FS Region 5 soils meeting: fire and effects on soils held in Redding, CA.
view or print   1878 Poster Native and Non-Native Invasive Plant Response to Burn Severity Two Years After the 2005 School Fire in Pomeroy, WA
    5278 Invited Paper/Presentation An invited workshop taught at the BLM National Advisor Committee on postfire rehabilitation and seeding treatments meeting held in Boise, Id.
    5279 Poster Poster presented at the American Geophysical Union (AGU) meeting in San Francisco, CA.
    4300 Invited Paper/Presentation Met with Managers (Including the Forest Supervisor, Soil Scientist, Silviculturist, Vegetation and Weed Specialists) on the Umatilla National Forest, Supervisor’s Office, Pendleton, WA
    4301 Poster We presented this poster at two field trips with ~60 attendees.
    4302 Field Demonstration/Tour Presented Results to the the WA State Resource Advisory Committee, June 26, 2007
    4303 Field Demonstration/Tour Presented Results to the ID Native Plant (White Pine Chpt) and WA Native Plant Societies (Walla Walla NPS)
view or print   4304 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Monitoring and Mapping Invasive Species Spread Using Remotely Sensed Imagery
    4542 Invited Paper/Presentation Invited presentation given at the Region 1 and 6 Introduction to BAER Refresher Course held in Missoula, MT.
    4543 Invited Paper/Presentation The Latest on Postfire Treatment Effectiveness
    4544 Invited Paper/Presentation Latest Findings on Effectiveness of Various Post-Fire Rehabilitation Treatments
view or print   4545 Invited Paper/Presentation Effectiveness of Post-Fire Erosion Control Treatments
    4546 Invited Paper/Presentation BAER Research: Progress and Plans
    4547 Invited Paper/Presentation The Right Tool for the Job: BAER Research
    4548 Invited Paper/Presentation BAER Research: Progress and Plans
    4549 Invited Paper/Presentation Postfire Burn Severity Mapping
    4550 Invited Paper/Presentation Latest Findings on Effectiveness of Various Postfire Rehabilitation Treatments
    4261 Dataset (including spatial) Acquired a Post-Fire Quickbird Image and Will Investigate the Utility of this Product for Detecting and Monitoring the Spread of Invasive Species
    4262 Invited Paper/Presentation We gave an invited talk at the monthly meeting of the Idaho Native Plant Society (White Pine Chapter). 30 people attended.
    4263 Invited Paper/Presentation Met with Managers (Including the District Ranger, Soil Scientist, Silviculturist, Vegetation and Weed Specialists) on the Pomeroy Ranger District, Pomeroy, WA
    6755 Invited Paper/Presentation Presented Project Results at the Region 6 Invasive Species and Management Workshop in Bonneville, OR
    6756 Invited Paper/Presentation Presented Project Findings and Preliminary Results to a Group of UNF Managers at the Pomeroy Ranger District
view or print   6571 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Vegetation Response to Post-Fire Treatments
view or print   6618 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Effectiveness of Post-Fire Rehabilitation Treatments After the 2005 School Fire
    6074 Dataset (including spatial) Re-Sampled 90 Study Sites in 2008: 1/3 Salvage Harvest, 1/3 Natural Recovery, and 1/3 Experimentally Treated for Erosion Mitigation
    5514 Invited Paper/Presentation Latest Findings on Effectiveness of Various Post-Fire Rehabilitation Treatments
    5519 Field Demonstration/Tour Field Trip of ~15 People in July 2008 to the School Fire Field Sites
    5928 Field Demonstration/Tour Conducted a Field Trip with Managers from the Umatilla National Forest (Pomeroy Ranger District and Supervisor’s Office, OR)
    5929 Dataset (including spatial) Collected Spatial and Spectral Data for ~40 Patches of Native and Non-Native Vegetation Species
    5767 Field Demonstration/Tour Coordinating with Umatilla NF Managers to Conduct a Field Trip to the School Fire
view or print   6996 Photo Wood mulch applied for erosion mitigation - summer 2007.
    7233 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Assessing Post-Fire Burn Severity: From Lookouts to Satellites, A Review of Technological Advances
view or print   7234 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Using Quickbird and Landsat Imagery to Assess Burn Severity and Monitor Vegetation Recovery
    7036 Field Demonstration/Tour Field Tour for Washington State Department of Ecology Team

Supporting Documents

There are no supporting documents available for this project.

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