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Project ID: 06-4-1-01

Year: 2006

Date Started: 07/07/2006

Date Completed: 07/06/2009

Title: Low-Intensity Fires May be Adequate for Stand Replacement of Table Mountain Pine in the Southern Appalachian Mountains

Project Proposal Abstract: Previous management recommendations for stand replacement of Table Mountain/pitch pine communities were based on differences observed one year after prescribed burning. Fires reaching into the crowns of trees were recommended to kill all overstory trees and leave adequate pine regeneration. Cooler fires did not kill overstory trees and hotter fires reduced pine germination. However, measurements taken in one of the original six burn units showed delayed overstory mortality for several years after burning, regardless of fire intensity, and pine seedlings survived. Stand replacement on that unit was achieved with fires of relatively low intensity. Therefore, low intensity fires may be adequate for stand replacement while achieving safety goals. The proposed work will re-measure study plots in all burn units to examine delayed overstory mortality and early stand dynamics in areas burned at each of four fire intensity levels. It will also examine the role of soil variables and pathogens in overstory mortality and competition among regenerating pines and hardwoods. Resulting structural equation models will help to explain the interactions of site, soils, diseases, and fire behavior on tree death and growth of regeneration. A better understanding of the relationship of fire prescription and hardwood mortality will allow managers to take advantage of pre-existing site and tree health conditions to reach prescription objectives.

Principal Investigator: Thomas A. Waldrop

Agency/Organization: Forest Service

Branch or Dept: SRS-Department of Forest Resources


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Ralph Boerner

Ohio State University

Department of Evolution, Ecology & Organismal Biology

Co-Principal Investigator

Mac A. Callaham

Forest Service

SRS-Forestry Sciences Lab-Athens GA

Co-Principal Investigator

Steven N. Jeffers

Clemson University

Department of Entomology, Soils & Plant Sciences

Co-Principal Investigator

Daniel A. Yaussy

Forest Service

NRS-Forest Health-Sustaining Forests

Federal Cooperator

Thomas A. Waldrop

Forest Service

SRS-Department of Forest Resources


Project Locations

Consortium

Appalachian


There are no project locations identified for this project.

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
view or print go to website 78 Book Fire and the Ecology of Table Mountain Pine
view or print   1148 Government Publication Early Dynamics of Table Mountain Pine Stands Following Stand Replacement Prescribed Fires of Varying Intensity
view or print   1511 Government Publication Delayed Mortality of Eastern Hardwoods: A Function of Fire Behavior, Site or Pathology
view or print   1512 Government Publication A Comparison of Low and High Elevational Table Mountain Pine Forests in the Southern Appalachian Mountains
view or print   1284 Government Publication Delayed Mortality of Eastern Hardwoods After Prescribed Fire
view or print   2665 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Delayed Mortality of Eastern Hardwoods After Prescribed Fire
    2013 Invited Paper/Presentation Low-Intensity Fires May be Adequate for Stand Replacement of Table Mountain Pine (Pinus pungens Lamb.)
    1820 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Delayed Mortality of Eastern Hardwoods After Prescribed Fire
    1822 Invited Paper/Presentation Fire in the Appalachian Mountains-Restoration and Fuel Management Research
    1823 Field Demonstration/Tour Restoration and Fuel Management Research in the Southern Appalachians
    1824 Field Demonstration/Tour Fire to Restore Table Mountain Pine
    1825 Invited Paper/Presentation Fire to Restore Table Mountain Pine
    1826 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Restoration Activities in the Southern Appalachian Mountains
    1827 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Restoration Activities in the Southern Appalachian Mountains
    1828 Field Demonstration/Tour Fire to Restore Table Mountain Pine--Southern Blue Ridge Fire Learning Network
    1829 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Re-Introduction of Fire Into Appropriate Areas of the Southern Appalachian Landscape
    1834 Invited Paper/Presentation Delayed Mortality of Hardwoods After Prescribed Fire
    2158 Field Demonstration/Tour Restoration and Fuel Management Research in the Southern Appalachians
    2160 Invited Paper/Presentation Fire History: Demonstration Installation Updates
    4774 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Delayed Mortality of Eastern Hardwoods: A Function of Fire Behavior, Site, or Pathology?
    4620 Progress Report RWU Science Highlights and fact sheets
    4622 Field Demonstration/Tour Stand Replacement Prescribed Fires for Regeneration of Table Mountain Pine
view or print   4624 Conference/Symposia/Workshop A Comparison of Low and High Elevational Table Mountain Pine Forests in the Southern Appalachian Mountains
    4625 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Changes in the Disturbance Regime of Upland Yellow Pine Stands in the Southern Appalachian Mountains During the 20th Century
    4626 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Changes in the Disturbance Regime of Upland Yellow Pine Stands in the Southern Appalachian Mountains During the 20th Century
    4627 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Determining a Mixed-Severity Fire Regime for Appalachian Yellow Pine Stands
view or print   4499 Photo Stand replacement fires are difficult to plan and execute because they must be conducted with relatively low relative humidity.
view or print   4500 Photo Crown fires were thought to be necessary for stand replacement of Table Mountain pine but proved to be excessive.
view or print   4501 Photo The PI tries an infrared camera to measure heat.
view or print   4502 Photo Table Mountain pine seedlings produce viable seed as early as 4 years after burning, suggesting an adaptation to frequent low-intensity fire.
view or print   4503 Photo TMP cones are serotinous. They open and drop seed within hours of a fire of moderate intensity.
    6653 Poster Delayed Mortality of Eastern Hardwoods: A Function of Fire Behavior, Site or Pathology?
    6654 Poster Delayed Mortality of Eastern Hardwoods After Prescribed Fire
view or print   6656 Invited Paper/Presentation A Comparison of Low and High Elevational Table Mountain Pine Forests in the Southern Appalachian Mountains
    6657 Poster Restoration of Table Mountain Pine Communities with Prescribed Fire: A Question of Fire Intensity, Seed Availablity, or Soil Properties?
    6658 Invited Paper/Presentation Low-Intensity Fires May be Adequate for Stand Replacement of Table Mountain Pine
    6691 Invited Paper/Presentation Low-Intensity Fires May Be Adequate for Stand Replacement of Table Mountain Pine
view or print go to website 6317 Book or Book Chapter Fire and the Ecology of Table Mountain Pine
    6506 Invited Paper/Presentation Delayed Mortality of Eastern Hardwoods After Prescribed Fire
    6507 Field Demonstration/Tour Fire and Mechanical Treatments for Restoration of Hardwood and Table Mountain Pine Communities in the Southern Appalachian Mountains
    6508 Field Demonstration/Tour Fire and Mechanical Treatments for Restoration of Hardwood and Table Mountain Pine Communities in the Southern Appalachian Mountains
    6509 Training Session Fire and Mechanical Treatments for Restoration of Hardwood and Table Mountain Pine Communities in the Southern Appalachian Mountains
view or print   6398 Photo Abundant regeneration of Table Mountain pine occurred after all fire intensities. Most survived and overtopped the hardwood sprout competition.
view or print   6399 Photo The southern Appalachian Mountains have a wildland/urban interface that is among the largest in the USA. Planning for stand replacement fires is difficult in many areas.
    5459 Training Session Prescription Recommendations for Stand Replacement
    5460 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Determining a Mixed-Severity Fire Regime for Appalachian Yellow Pine Stands
    7146 Field Demonstration/Tour Fire and Mechanical Treatments for Restoration of Hardwood and Table Mountain Pine Communities in the Southern Appalachian Mountains
    7147 Invited Paper/Presentation Delayed Mortality of Eastern Hardwoods: A Function of Fire Behavior, Site, or Pathology?

Supporting Documents

The following supporting documents are available for this project.

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Brief


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