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Project ID: 03-3-3-36

Year: 2003

Date Started: 06/01/2003

Date Completed: 01/03/2008

Title: Fuels Reduction in Oak Woodlands, Shrub Lands and Grasslands of SW Oregon: Consequences for Native Plants and Invasion by Non-Native Species

Project Proposal Abstract: Decades of fire suppression have led to an unnatural accumulation of fuels and changes in many ecosystems, including those of the oak woodlands, shrub lands, and grasslands of Southwestern Oregon. Land managers on the Medford District of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) in this region, much of which is in urban/wildland interface, are attempting to decrease fuel-loads and restore ecosystems that have been altered by fire suppression using several methods, including mechanized "slash busting," hand cutting of brush and small trees followed by piling and burning, and prescribed fire. In addition, much of the treated area is being seeded with native grasses to minimize the threat of invasion by nonnative plants and stabilize soils. These treatments have been applied to over 5,000 acres since 1995 in the Ashland Resource Area (ARA) of the BLM alone. However, little is known about the consequences of these treatments for native plant communities (which include several sensitive species and which, in many cases, have been substantially altered from their natural condition by fire suppression-induced changes in vegetation), invasion by exotic plant species, or subsequent fire behavior and effects. We propose to study these consequences in oak woodlands, shrub lands and grasslands, working largely in the Applegate Valley Adaptive Management Area of the ARA using a combination of retrospective and prospective approaches. The work is directed towards Tasks 2 and 3 from AFP 2003-3 and Task 4 from AFP 2003-1. Results are expected to yield effective stand-level treatments that reduce fire hazard while simultaneously fostering the restoration of native plant communities, minimizing invasion by exotic species, and allowing for safe reintroduction of fire to the landscape. The work will benefit land managers by providing information on outcomes of the various fuels treatments that will enable them to make informed decisions for future management. Results will also be used to inform the public about the utility of recommended approaches and will contribute to our basic scientific understanding of processes that affect plant and animal communities in these and similar areas.

Principal Investigator: Paul Hosten

Agency/Organization: NPS-National Park Service

Branch or Dept: Kalaupapa National Historical Park


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Patricia S. Muir

Oregon State University

Department of Botany & Plant Pathology

Federal Cooperator

Paul Hosten

NPS-National Park Service

Kalaupapa National Historical Park


Project Locations

Consortium

California

Northwest


There are no project locations identified for this project.

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
    56 Book Oak Woodland and Savanna Restoration
view or print   2570 Journal Article Rangeland Ecology Management
view or print   239 MS Thesis Impacts of Fuel Reduction Thinning Treatments on Oak and Chaparral Communities of Southwestern Oregon (K. Perchemlides)
    1442 Training Session 150 Years of Vegetation Change in Bear Creek Valley
    1444 Training Session Historic Vegetation Change in Non-Conifer Communities of Southwest Oregon
    1445 Training Session Historic Vegetation Change in Non-Conifer Communities of Southwest Oregon
view or print   1446 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Impacts of Fuel Reduction Thinning on Oak and Chaparral Vegetation Communities of Southwestern Oregon
view or print   1447 Poster Impacts of Fuel Reduction and Restoration Thinning on Oak and Chaparral Communities of Southwestern Oregon
view or print   1448 Invited Paper/Presentation Fuels Reduction in Oak Woodlands and Shrub Lands of SW Oregon: Consequences for Native Plants and Invasion by Non-Native Species
    1449 Invited Paper/Presentation Impacts of Fuel Reduction Thinning Ttreatments on Oak and Chaparral Communities of Southwestern Oregon
    1450 Dataset (including spatial)  
view or print   4743 Poster Fuel Reduction Treatments: Treatment Types and a Landscape Strategy to Achieve Restoration and a Fire-Safe Landscape in the Applegate Valley of Southwest Oregon
    4744 Invited Paper/Presentation 150 Years of Vegetation Change in the Grasslands, Shrublands, and Woodlands of Southwest Oregon
    4745 Invited Paper/Presentation Considering Spatial and Temporal Change in Southwest Oregon Garry Oak Communities as a Basis for Restoration
view or print   4746 Poster Lessons Learned After 10 Years of Fuel-Reduction and Monitoring in Woodlands/Chaparral of the Lower Thompson Creek, Applegate Valley, Southwest Oregon
    5125 Book or Book Chapter Oak Woodland and Savanna Restoration
view or print   4775 Poster Vegetation Response to Wildfire Across and Elevation Gradient in Southwest Oregon
view or print   4776 Poster Effect of Grass Seeding on Native and Exotic Vegetation Following Fuel-Reduction Treatments by Mastication and Burning
view or print   4777 Poster Interaction of the Squires Fire with the Buncom Bowl Fuel-Reduction Project of the Applegate Valley, Southwest Oregon
view or print   4778 Poster Grassland, Shrubland, and Woodland Plant Assemblages of the Applegate Valley, Southwest Oregon
    4780 Field Demonstration/Tour  
  go to website 4781 Website  
  go to website 4782 Website  
    6025 Poster Impacts of Fuel Reduction and Restoration Thinning on Oak and Chaparral Communities of Southwestern Oregon
view or print   6026 Poster Grassland, Shrubland, and Woodland Plant Assemblages in Relation to Landscape-Scale Environmental and Disturbance Variables, Applegate Watershed, Southern Oregon

Supporting Documents

The following supporting documents are available for this project.

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Brief


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