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Project ID: 05-2-1-24

Year: 2005

Date Started: 06/03/2005

Date Completed: 11/16/2009

Title: Injury and Mortality Risks from Wildland Fire Smoke and Heat Exposures for Endangered Indiana Bats (Myotis Sodalis) in Maternity Roosts

Project Proposal Abstract: Burning within the summer (growing season) range of the endangered Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis) may adversely affect the species by injuring or killing individual bats. Accordingly, the USDI Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) usually requests that Federal land managers strictly limit or eliminate this activity. Countering the need to protect individual Indiana bats is the value of using both growing and dormant season fires for managing Eastern mixed-oak forests. The Daniel Boone National Forest (DBNF) has planned an ambitious burning program, their goals include mitigating the effects of the pending gypsy moth invasion and restoring historical ecosystems. A better understanding of the risks of injury and death for neonate and adult Indiana bats exposed to heat and smoke in maternity roosts is needed to help the DBNF assess and carry out their program. We propose a study with the following components. First, toxicology models of gas and heat effects on bats will be assembled and parameterized with data from the literature. Second, characteristic time courses of smoke concentrations and temperatures above surface fires and smoke concentrations in nighttime inversions after fires will be estimated. Third, a field study will be conducted to characterize maternity roosting crevices over the summer range of the Indiana bat. Using these data, suitable roosting crevices will be identified on the DBNF and field experiments will be conducted to enable us to predict smoke exposures for bats within crevices during fires. Finally, the above project components will be synthesized to produce a risk assessment. A workshop and accompanying publication will be used to provide guidance on minimizing bat risk from fires for USFS and USFWS personnel with responsibilities for the Indiana bat.

Principal Investigator: Matthew B. Dickinson

Agency/Organization: Forest Service

Branch or Dept: NRS-Forest Health-Sustaining Forests


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Michael J Lacki

University of Kentucky

Department of Forestry

Co-Principal Investigator

James Norris

Norris Consulting Services

Co-Principal Investigator

Valerie Young

Ohio State University

Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering

Federal Cooperator

Michael T. Rains

Forest Service

NRS-Northern Research Station


Project Locations

Consortium

Appalachian


There are no project locations identified for this project.

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
view or print   1160 Government Publication Ohio Supercomputer Center Research Report 2008
view or print   3185 Journal Article The American Midland Naturalist
    1010 Invited Paper/Presentation Fire and the Endangered Indiana Bat (Myotis sodails): Direct and Habitat Effects
  go to website 3254 Website Project website currently in transition to the new Northern Research Station format.
    3255 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Indiana Bat Project
    4512 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Predicting Faunal Exposures to Smoke and Heat
    4338 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Fire Effects on Bats
    4391 Invited Paper/Presentation Fire Behavior and Effects Monitoring
    3732 Invited Paper/Presentation Smoke, Indiana Bats, and Trees: Overview of Three Projects
    3733 Poster Landscape Estimates of Total Heat Release and Fuel Consumption from Prescribed Fires
    3762 Invited Paper/Presentation First Order Fire Effects: Process-Based Knowledge and Models
    3776 Invited Paper/Presentation Linking Aerial Remote Sensing of Infrared Radiation with Effects on Vegetation and Bats
    3777 Poster Modeling the Protection Afforded by Burrows, Cavities and Roosts During Wildland Surface Fires
    3805 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Improving the Basic Science Behind Fire Effects, Prediction and Enhancing Application of Knowledge
    6491 Invited Paper/Presentation Fire and the Indiana Bat
    5347 Invited Paper/Presentation Physical Process Approaches to Predicting Fire Effects, Including Effects on Bats

Supporting Documents

The following supporting documents are available for this project.

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Brief


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