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Project ID: 04-2-1-80

Year: 2004

Date Started: 07/13/2004

Date Completed: 09/28/2007

Title: Development and Demonstration of Smoke Plume, Fire Emissions, and Pre-and Post-Prescribed Fire Fuel Models on North Carolina Coastal Plain Forest Ecosystems

Project Proposal Abstract: Use of prescribed fire is an important forest management activity in the southern region with ~2,000,000 acres burned in 17,733 prescribed fires during the first 10 months of 2003 and an additional ~255,000 acres burned by 14,359 wildfires. Fire is used to remove logging slash prior to plantation establishment, reduce hardwood and herbaceous competition in young stands, improve habitat for threatened and endangered species, and to minimize a catastrophic wildfire hazard by fuel reduction. Burning activity is projected to increase as managers on federal, private, and industrial lands seek to reduce dry fuel accumulation and minimize wildfire dangers, especially in the Coastal Plain of North Carolina in the wake of Hurricane Isabel in October 2003. Land managers using prescribed burns for silviculture and ecosystem management do so while recognizing and planning for the liabilities of smoke, human health effects, and the danger of prescribed burns igniting wildfires and organic soil ground fires. Near ground smoke poses a risk to public safety by reducing visibility on roadways; increases human health risks from exposure to fine particulate matter (PM) and ozone precursors; and increases the public's perception that prescribed burning is deleterious to their families and community at the wildland/urban interface. The proposed research will provide fire management tools to land managers that integrate fuel loading, fire emissions, and smoke plume measurements and modeling. The objectives are to (1) Inventory, map, and model live and down woody debris/fuels biomass utilizing USDA Forest Service Forest Inventory and Analysis P2 and P3 field plot protocols, develop fuel loading formulas for fire behavior models in the Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge and the Air Force Dare County Bombing Range in the North Carolina Coastal Plain, and incorporate data from Coastal Plain forest types into the fuel characteristic classification (FCC) system and the FARSITE fire behavior model; (2) Validate the USDA Forest Service PB-Coastal Plain smoke model, the BlueSky smoke prediction system, and the BlueSky Rapid Access Information System (BlueSkyRAINS) for the near-coastal land-water interface, including differences in vegetative land use; (3) Characterize photochemically active and radiatively important trace gases as well as PM emissions from prescribed burns in Coastal Plain forest types and histosol soils, and (4) Deliver personal computer and web-based decision support tools for estimating inputs of live biomass and down woody debris/fuels into a fire behavior model, real-time smoke plume models, and an emissions model for prescribed burns for use by federal and state land managers in North Carolina specifically, and other users throughout the Coastal Plain of the southeastern US.

Principal Investigator: Robert A. Mickler

Agency/Organization: Alion Science & Technology Corp.

Branch or Dept:


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Gary L. Achtemeier

Forest Service

SRS-Forestry Sciences Lab-Athens GA

Co-Principal Investigator

David J. Brownlie

FWS-Fish and Wildlife Service

Region 4-Fire Management Field Office-Tallahassee

Federal Cooperator

Brian E. Potter

Forest Service

PNW-Seattle-Managing Natural Disturbances


Project Locations

Consortium

South


There are no project locations identified for this project.

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
view or print   3003 Journal Article Vegetation Classification and Fuel Load Mapping Using Softcopy Photogrammetry
view or print   3004 Journal Article Fine Scale Vegetation Classification and Fuel Load Mapping for Prescribed Burning
view or print   3005 Journal Article Presettlement Fire Regime and Vegetation Mapping in Southeastern Coastal Plain Forest Ecosystems
view or print   3250 Journal Article Development and Demonstration of Smoke Plume, Fire Emissions, and Pre- and Post-Prescribed Fire Fuel Models on North Carolina Coastal Plain Forest Ecosystems
    693 Poster Development and Demonstration of Smoke Plume, Fire Emissions, and Pre- and Post-Prescribed Fire Fuel Models on North Carolina Coastal Plain Forest Ecosystems
    3481 Invited Paper/Presentation Assessing Tree and Down Deadwood Biomass for Prescribed Fire in U.S. Coastal Plain Forests
    3526 Invited Paper/Presentation North Carolina’s Wildland Fire Fuels: What are They and How do You Measure Them?
    3527 Poster Characterizing Wildland Fire Fuels and Risk in the Southeastern United States
    3528 Invited Paper/Presentation Quantifying Wildland Fire Fuel Loading and Fire Risk in Coastal Plain Forests
    3529 Invited Paper/Presentation Validation of the BlueSky Smoke Modeling Framework on Prescribed Burns in North Carolina Coastal Plain Forest Ecosystems
    3530 Poster Development and Demonstration of Smoke Plume, Fire Emissions, and Pre- and Post-Prescribed Fire Fuel Models on North Carolina Coastal Plain Forest Ecosystems
    3531 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Prescribed Fire on the Air Force Dare County Bombing Range and the Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge
  go to website 3532 Website  
    3533 Dataset (including spatial) Long Shoal River Prescribed Burn
    3534 Dataset (including spatial) Vegetation Polygons for Croatan National Forest (GIS Dataset)
    3535 Dataset (including spatial) Vegetation Alliance Polygons for Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge (GIS Dataset)
view or print   3536 Invited Paper/Presentation Quantifying Wildland Fire Fuel Loading and Fire Risk in Coastal Plain Forests
    3537 Invited Paper/Presentation Development of Smoke Plume, Fire Emmisions, and Wildland Fire Fuel Models on Coastal Plain Ecosystems
    3538 Dataset (including spatial) Pungo Central Prescribed Burn
    3539 Invited Paper/Presentation Integrating Fuel, Emission, and Smoke Dispersion Models in Coastal Plain Forest Ecosystems
    3540 Dataset (including spatial) North Navy Shell Prescribed Burn Compartments 4.5.3 and 4.5.5
    3541 Dataset (including spatial) Haywood Landing Prescribed Burn
    3586 Dataset (including spatial) Mill Creek Road Prescribed Burn
  go to website 3589 Website  
    3590 Training Session BlueSkyRAINS Workshop
  go to website 3591 Website  
    5867 Dataset (including spatial) North Navy Shell Prescribed Burn Compartments 4.5.1, 4.5.2, and 4.5.4
    5868 Invited Paper/Presentation Vegetation Classification and Fuel Load Mapping Using Softcopy Photogrammetry
    5869 Poster Validation of the BlueSky Smoke Modeling Framework: Field Campaigns

Supporting Documents

The following supporting documents are available for this project.

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Brief


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