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Project ID: 01C-3-3-10

Year: 2003

Date Started: 07/29/2003

Date Completed: 10/03/2007

Title: Restoration of Dry, Montane Meadows Through Prescribed Fire, Vegetation, and Fuels Management: A Program of Research and Adaptive Management in Western Oregon

Project Proposal Abstract: In many regions of the western U.S., long-term suppression of wildfire has facilitated encroachment of natural meadows by conifers. Encroachment is widespread on many dry, montane slopes in the western Cascade Range. In a region dominated by coniferous forests, montane meadows contribute greatly to landscape diversity, wildlife habitat, and many other ecological functions and societal values. Faced by gradual loss of these critical habitats, resource managers have begun to experiment with prescribed fire as a tool for meadow restoration. With limited knowledge of the historical role of fire in these systems, managers have little information to guide restoration efforts. We propose a program of experimental research, adaptive management, and outreach that will contribute to our understanding of the natural dynamics of these systems, to their restoration and maintenance, and to public appreciation of the roles of scientists and land managers in restoring ecosystem health. We bring together scientists and resource specialists with a long, successful history of collaboration to develop a demonstration center at Bunchgrass Meadow on the Willamette National Forest, Oregon. We propose two integrated studies at Bunchgrass. The first-which documents the history of invasion and the current range of vegetation conditions--provides.the historical and ecological contexts for the second, primary study, which evaluates vegetation responses to experimental restoration treatments. Thinning and prescribed burning will be implemented across replicate sites representing the full range of vegetation conditions at Bunchgrass. Permanent transects and nested plots sampled prior to treatment will be used to assess changes in species composition and diversity, mortality of residual trees, and establishment of conifer seedlings. Uni- and multivariate statistical techniques will be used to explore the nature and range of vegetation responses, and to identity the initial conditions that lead to successful outcomes. We have designed these studies to yield useful short-term products for scientists, managers, and the public, and in doing so, to provide opportunities for ongoing research, experimentation, and education. Our goal is to build a solid basis for successful restoration of meadows throughout the western Cascades, using Bunchgrass Meadow as a regional center for research, adaptive management, and outreach.

Principal Investigator: Fred J. Swanson

Agency/Organization: Forest Service

Branch or Dept: PNW-Forestry Sciences Lab-Corvallis


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

John H. Cissel

BLM-Bureau of Land Management

JFSP-NIFC

Co-Principal Investigator

Charles B. Halpern

University of Washington

School of Forest Resources

Federal Cooperator

Fred J. Swanson

Forest Service

PNW-Forestry Sciences Lab-Corvallis


Project Locations

Consortium

Great Basin

Northwest


There are no project locations identified for this project.

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
view or print   1078 Government Publication Restoration of Montane Meadows in Western Oregon: Research and Adaptive Management at Bunchgrass Ridge
view or print   1079 Government Publication Mountain Meadows? Here Today, Gone Tommorow? Meadow Science and Restoration
view or print   2536 Journal Article Canadian Journal of Botany
view or print   3359 Journal Article Canadian Journal of Botany
view or print   257 MS Thesis Vegetation Responses to Conifer Encroachment in a Dry, Montane Meadow: A Chronosequence Approach (R.D. Haugo)
view or print   295 MS Thesis The Soil Seed Bank of an Oregon Montane Meadow: Consequences of Conifer Encroachment and Implications for Restoration (N.L. Lang)
view or print   1235 Invited Paper/Presentation Vegetation Responses to Conifer Encroachment in a Dry, Montane Meadow: A Chronosequence Approach
view or print   1236 Invited Paper/Presentation Seed Bank Dynamics of an Oregon Montane Meadow: Consequences of Conifer Encroachment and Implications for Restoration
  go to website 1237 Website  
view or print   1342 Poster Restoration of Dry, Montane Meadows Through Prescribed Fire, Vegetation and Fuels Management: A Program of Research and Adaptive Management in Western Oregon
view or print   1343 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Hey, Where’d All Those Trees Come From?
    1344 Invited Paper/Presentation Conifer encroachment in a dry, montane meadow, western Cascade Range, OR
view or print   1345 Invited Paper/Presentation Conifer Encroachment of Montane Meadows: Effects on Vegetation, Seed Banks and Potential for Restoration
  go to website 1346 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Seed Bank Dynamics of an Oregon Montane Meadow: Consequences of Conifer Invasion
    1347 Invited Paper/Presentation Seed Bank Dynamics of an Oregon Montane Meadow: Implications of Conifer Encroachment
    1348 Poster Vegetation Dynamics in a Montane Meadow: Effects of Conifer Encroachment
    1359 Field Demonstration/Tour Oregon Natural Resources Council
  go to website 1360 Dataset (including spatial) LTER Databank
    6934 Invited Paper/Presentation Vegetation dynamics following conifer encroachment in a dry, montane meadow, western Cascade Range
    7002 Field Demonstration/Tour Field Tour of the Bunchgrass Ridge Restoration Experiment

Supporting Documents

The following supporting documents are available for this project.

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Brief


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