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Project ID: 01C-3-3-09

Year: 2002

Date Started: 08/16/2002

Date Completed: 12/11/2006

Title: Fire Regimes and Successional Dynamics of Yellow Pine (Pinus) Stands in the Central Appalachian Mountains

Project Proposal Abstract: We propose an investigation of fire history, age structure, and successional dynamics of yellow pine stands in the Central Appalachian Mountains, which encompass parts of the Blue Ridge, Ridge and Valley, and Appalachian Plateaus. We will conduct our work on the George Washington and Jefferson National Forests and the Shenandoah National Park. Appalachian yellow pine stands, which are dominated by Table Mountain pine (Pinus pungens Lamb.) and pitch pine (P. rigida Mill.), typically occupy xeric sites. Regeneration and maintenance of the pines appear to require repeated surface fire, and occasional stand-initiating fires of greater severity. Fire exclusion appears to be preventing the establishment and maintenance of pines. Table Mountain pine, an Appalachian endemic, may largely disappear over time in the continued absence of burning. Deterioration of Appalachian pine stands has stimulated interest in the use of prescribed burning, both to regenerate pines and to reduce hazardous fuel loads, but little research on Appalachian fire regimes is available to guide fire-restoration. We will use dendrochronological techniques to date fire scars and assess the frequency, seasonality, spatial extent, and climatic relations of past fires. Age structure analysis will reveal whether pulses of regeneration have occurred, whether the pulses were associated with fire, and whether pine stands are being maintained. We will use an individual-based forest gap model to evaluate hypotheses about disturbance regimes under which the pine stands developed and to predict likely consequences of reintroducing fire. We envision that the results of our study will help fill local knowledge gaps significant to fire management plan development and implementation (Task 3, JFSP RFP 200 1-3). We anticipate this information being used by land managers in developing guidelines and policies consistent with restoration of fire as an ecosystem process.

Principal Investigator: Henri D. Grissino-Mayer

Agency/Organization: University of Tennessee-Knoxville

Branch or Dept: Department of Geography


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Charles W. Lafon

Texas A&M University-College Station

Department of Geography

Collaborator/Contributor

Steven Q. Croy

Forest Service

George Washington & Jefferson National Forests

Collaborator/Contributor

Douglas G. Raeburn

NPS-National Park Service

Shenandoah National Park

Federal Cooperator

Elaine K. Sutherland

Forest Service

RMRS-Fire Sciences Lab-Missoula


Project Locations

Consortium

Appalachian


There are no project locations identified for this project.

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
    82 Ph.D. Dissertation Georgina DeWeese
view or print   936 Government Publication Pine Chronologies in Central Appalachian Forests: Fiery Implications
view or print   238 MS Thesis Regression-Based Age Estimates of Yellow Pine (Pinus) Saplings, Jefferson National Forest, Virginia (M. Pfeffer)
    1039 Invited Paper/Presentation Fire Regimes and Successional Dynamics of Yellow Pine (Pinus) Stands in the Central Appalachian Mountains
  go to website 1968 Website  
    1969 Invited Paper/Presentation Forest Disturbances in the Appalachian Mountains: Patterns and Consequences
    2219 Invited Paper/Presentation Ice and Fire: Patterns and Consequences of Forest Disturbances in the Appalachian Mountains
    2220 Invited Paper/Presentation History and Forest Succession in Yellow Pine Stands of the Appalachian Mountains
    2221 Invited Paper/Presentation Fire History and Forest Succession in the Central Appalachian Mountains
    2222 Conference/Symposia/Workshop The History of Fire in the Mountains of Western Virginia: Ongoing Research and Implications in Wildlife Management
    2223 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Spatiotemporal Analyses of Fire Regimes in Yellow Pine Stands, Craig Creek Valley, Virginia, USA
    2090 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Fire Regimes and Successional Dynamics of Appalachian Yellow Pine (Pinus) Stands in the Jefferson National Forest, Virginia
    2091 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Variability of Fire Regimes and Stand Structure in Yellow Pine (Pinus) Stands, Jefferson National Forest, Virginia
    2092 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Our Pappies Ain’t Burnin the Woods No More: The Changing Fire Regimes of Table Mountain Pine Stands on Mill Mountain, Virginia
    2093 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Regression-Based Age Estimates of Yellow Pine (Pinus) Saplings, Jefferson National Forest, Virginia
    2094 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Fire Regimes and Successional Dynamics of Yellow Pine (Pinus) Stands in the Central Appalachian Mountains
    2095 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Stand Dynamics of Peters Mountain, Giles County, Virginia
    2096 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Dendrochronology and Forest Ecology
    2097 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Fire History and Stand Dynamics of Table Mountain Pine Forests on Mill Mountain, Virginia
    2098 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Rekindling the Flame: Reconstructing a Fire History for Peters Mountain, Giles County, Virginia
    2099 Conference/Symposia/Workshop The Contemporary Fire Regime of the Central Appalachian Mountains: Fire Characteristics, Climatic Relationships, and Spatial Variations
    5072 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Saving the Forest Family: Regression-Based Age Estimates of Table Mountain Pine Saplings
    5073 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Dendroecological Reconstructions of Fire Regimes for the Central Appalachian Mountains, USA
    5074 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Fire Ecology in the Mountains: Forest Dynamics and Disturbance Regimes of Southeastern Mixed Hardwood-Conifer Forests
    5075 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Rekindling the Flame: Reconstructing a Fire History for Peters Mountain, Giles County, Virginia
    5076 Conference/Symposia/Workshop The Contemporary Fire Regime of the Central Appalachian Mountains: Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Fire
    5077 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Reconstructed Fire Regimes of the Central Appalachian MOuntains Using a Nested-Layer Network of Dendroecological Sites
    5078 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Fire History and Vegetation Change in a Network of Pine-Oak Stands in the Central Appalachian Mountains
    5079 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Fire History and Forest Stand Dynamics of the Narrows Preserve, Peters Mountain, Virginia
    3860 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Changing Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Fire Regimes in the Appalachian Mountains
    3861 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Fire Regimes and Successional Dynamics of Table Mountain Pine Forests in the Central Appalachian Mountains
    3862 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Dendroecological Techniques for Reconstructing the History of Wildfires in the Southern Appalachian Mountains
    3863 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Reconstructing Fire History in the Southern and Central Appalachian Mountains
    6080 Invited Paper/Presentation Range of Variability in Fire Regimes of Table Mountain Pine (Pinus pungens Lamb.) Stands in Virginia
    6987 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Temporal Patterns of Wildfire and Their Relations to Climate in the Central Appalachian Mountains
    7001 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Fire Regimes, Stand Dynamics, and Climate Response in Three Pine Stands of the Jefferson National Forest, Central Appalachian Mountains, Virginia

Supporting Documents

The following supporting documents are available for this project.

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Brief


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