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Project ID: 01C-3-3-25

Year: 2003

Date Started: 07/18/2003

Date Completed: 01/03/2007

Title: Fire Regimes and Forest Reference Conditions for Prescribed Fire Management of Relic Mixed Conifer Forests in Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas

Project Proposal Abstract: National Park Service policy directs managers to maintain conditions that evolved with natural processes as opposed to conditions that are associated with human action. In order to achieve this policy, managers need a quantitative ecological reference that can be used to both evaluate current conditions and to design restoration treatments if conditions are outside the range of historic variability. In mixed conifer forests in the southwestern U.S. in general and in Guadalupe National Park in particular 20th century fire suppression has caused an increase in forest density, an increase in live and dead forest fuels, and an increase in fire sensitive species. These forest changes have also lead to more severe fire behavior in mixed conifer forests in Guadalupe Mountains National Park. Data on the structure and composition of pre fire suppression forests, the role of fire in forest regeneration, and the frequency, return interval, extent, season, and severity of fire are currently insufficient to guide development of appropriate objectives for prescribed fire management in highly altered mixed conifer forest ecosystems. Mixed conifer forests in Guadalupe Mountains National Park occur mainly in designated wilderness where prescribed fire is one of the only tools available for forest restoration work. This project is designed to fill critical gaps in knowledge needed to develop and implement Guadalupe Mountains National Parks fire management plan (JFSP Task # 3). The project goal is to develop fire regime and forest structural reference conditions for prescribed fire managers aiming to both reduce fuels and restore forests to more natural condition. Specific objectives include: 1) to quantify pre fire suppression and contemporary forest characteristics (species composition, basal area, density, size and age structure) at both the plot and landscape scale; 2) to quantify fire regimes (frequency, return interval, size, severity, season, fire rotation) for the presettlement, settlement, and fire suppression periods; 3) to quantify spatial and temporal variation in fire regimes and forest structure with respect to topography and forest composition. Results will also be used to develop and integrate cross-agency objectives for prescribed fire use with the adjacent Lincoln National Forest. Technology transfer will occur with a combination of written materials, presentations to agency staff, field visits, and a worldwide web site.

Principal Investigator: Kathy M. Davis

Agency/Organization: NPS-National Park Service

Branch or Dept: Montezuma Castle National Monument


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Fred Armstrong

NPS-National Park Service

Guadalupe Mountains National Park

Co-Principal Investigator

Paul Schmidtke

BLM-Bureau of Land Management

Carlsbad Interagency Fire Organization

Co-Principal Investigator

Alan H. Taylor

Pennsylvania State University

Department of Geography

Federal Cooperator

Kathy M. Davis

NPS-National Park Service

Montezuma Castle National Monument

Federal Fiscal Representative

Richard G. Gatewood

NPS-National Park Service

Big Bend National Park

Manager/Coordinator

Ellis Richard

NPS-National Park Service

Guadalupe Mountains National Park


Project Locations

Consortium

Southwest


There are no project locations identified for this project.

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
    1045 Government Publication Human and climatic influences on fire regimes and forest structure in a sky island mixed conifer forest, Texas
view or print   2486 Journal Article Forest Ecology and Management
    2504 Journal Article Fire Regimes and Forest Structure in a Sky Island Mixed Conifer Forest, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas, USA
    186 MS Thesis Fire Regimes and Forest Structure in Mixed Conifer Forests in the Guadalupe Mountains, Texas (J. Sakulich)
    912 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Presentations (2) to interagency meetings of fire and resource managers summarizing research findings.
    913 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Field visit focused on tactical approaches to burning that are consistent with historic burn patterns (following presentation).
    1019 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Multiple workshops and conferences
    1225 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Vegetation Change in Response to Changing Fire Regimes and Human Land Use in the Southern Guadalupe Mountains, Texas
    1226 Invited Paper/Presentation Fire Regimes and Forest Changes in Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas
    1227 Invited Paper/Presentation Fire regimes and forest changes in Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas
    1228 Invited Paper/Presentation Identifying Reference Conditions for Prescribed Fire Management of Relic Mixed Conifer Forests in Guadalupe Mountains National Park
    1229 Invited Paper/Presentation Identifying Reference Conditions for Prescribed Fire Management of Relic Mixed Conifer Forests in Guadalupe Mountains National Park
    1306 Invited Paper/Presentation Identifying Reference Conditions for Prescribed Fire Management of Relic Mixed Conifer Forests in Guadalupe Mountains National Park
    1307 Invited Paper/Presentation Identifying reference conditions for prescribed fire management of relic mixed conifer forests in Guadalupe Mountains National Park
    7003 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Fire Regimes and Forest Dynamics in Mixed Conifer Forests in Guadalupe Mountains, National Park, Texas

Supporting Documents

There are no supporting documents available for this project.

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