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Project ID: 03-1-3-08

Year: 2003

Date Started: 08/19/2003

Date Completed: 05/30/2007

Title: Forest Floor Consumption and Smoke Characterization in Boreal Forested Fuelbed Types of Alaska

Project Proposal Abstract: Many areas of the boreal forest of Alaska contain deep layers of moss, duff, and peat, resulting in a large pool of biomass that potentially can burn and smolder for long periods of time creating hazardous smoke episodes for local residents and communities and causing detrimental landscape impacts. Research to quantify fuel consumption, flammability thresholds, and smoke production in boreal forest types is critical for effective modeling of fire effects (e.g. smoke emissions, regional haze, permafrost melting, erosion, plant succession, etc) and landscape management if prescribed burning is to become an important land management technique in the future. Preliminary research has generated a hypothesis of the controlling variables that govern the fuel consumption in the moss and duff layers, but this hypothesis needs to be verified and tested through field-based experimentation. Very limited smoke emissions characterization has been completed. The purpose of this study is to collect fuel consumption data and characterize smoke emissions on active wildfires and prescribed fires. The data will be used to develop new and modify existing forest floor fuel consumption models and develop emission rate equations for the boreal forest fuelbed type. The fuel consumption and emission factors and rate equations will be implemented into the software program Consume 3.0 to better predict moss/peat/duff fuel consumption and smoke production during wildland fires in Alaska. This research will make Consume 3.0 and other fuel consumption, fire effects, and smoke production models more robust and aid managers, planners, and researchers in developing environmentally, socially, and legally responsible land management plans. This research will also allow for a more effective and informed use of emission production and wildfire/prescribed fire trade-off models providing improved wildland fire emissions accounting and planning at the local, regional, and global scales. The fuel consumption and smoke characterization module will be a scientifically based support tool that can be used to improve fire management decision processes (AFP-2003-2, task #1 and linkages with AFP-2003-1, task 3).

Principal Investigator: Roger D. Ottmar

Agency/Organization: Forest Service

Branch or Dept: PNW-Seattle-Managing Natural Disturbances


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Ronald E. Babbitt

Forest Service

RMRS-Fire Sciences Lab-Missoula

Co-Principal Investigator

Sue A. Ferguson

Forest Service

PNW-Seattle-Managing Natural Disturbances

Co-Principal Investigator

Robert E. Vihnanek

Forest Service

PNW-Seattle-Managing Natural Disturbances

Collaborator/Contributor

Jennifer L. Barnes

NPS-National Park Service

Alaska Regional Office-Fairbanks

Collaborator/Contributor

Brad Cella

NPS-National Park Service

Alaska Regional Office-Anchorage

Collaborator/Contributor

Randi R. Jandt

BLM-Bureau of Land Management

GACC-AICC-Alaska Fire Service-Ft. Wainwright

Collaborator/Contributor

Karen A. Murphy

FWS-Fish and Wildlife Service

Region 7-Alaska Regional Office

Collaborator/Contributor

Kent Slaughter

BLM-Bureau of Land Management

GACC-AICC-Alaska Fire Service-Ft. Wainwright

Collaborator/Contributor

Larry Vanderlinden

FWS-Fish and Wildlife Service

Region 7-Alaska Regional Office

Federal Cooperator

Roger D. Ottmar

Forest Service

PNW-Seattle-Managing Natural Disturbances


Project Locations

Consortium

Alaska


There are no project locations identified for this project.

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
    1213 Government Publication Rapid Response Enables Additional Forest Floor Consumption and Smoke Characterization Sampling in Boreal Forests of Alaska
    167 Progress Report Progress report
  go to website 942 Computer Model/Software/Algorithm  
  go to website 943 Computer Model/Software/Algorithm  
    3641 Invited Paper/Presentation Presentations
    3664 Invited Paper/Presentation Alaska Forest Floor Consumption Briefing
    3665 Invited Paper/Presentation Large Wildfires and the Sustainability of Boreal Forests in Alaska: Lessons from the 2004 Fire Season

Supporting Documents

The following supporting documents are available for this project.

view or print

Brief


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