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Project ID: 01-1-1-02

Year: 2002

Date Started: 04/02/2002

Date Completed: 08/09/2005

Title: Development of a Computer Model for Management of Fuels, Human-Fire Interactions, and Wildland Fires in the Boreal Forest of Alaska

Project Proposal Abstract: Interior Alaska contains 140 million burnable acres and includes the largest National Parks and National Wildlife Refuges in the country. On average, wildland fires burn 1,000,000 acres in Interior Alaska each year and threaten the lives, property, and timber resources of Alaska's sparse but growing population. Wildiand fires threaten human values, but they also are crucial for the maintenance of forest ecosystems. How do we manage wildlandfire in Alaska for the mutual benefit of humans and natural ecosystems? We aim to develop a computer-based, fire-management and planning model called Boreal ALFRESCO. This model utilizes physical, biological, and human thematic layers to simulate ecosystem dynamics. It outputs transient maps depicting the responses of vegetation cover and fuel accumulation under different scenarios of fire management and climate change. Developing this model will accomplish two objectives. First, it will synthesize our existing knowledge about wildland fire in interior Alaska and reveal critical gaps in our knowledge. Earlier versions of the model reveal that we lack basic infonnation concerning stand age and hazard-of-burning for different fuel types. Our proposed fieldwork will obtain this new data. Second, once tested by field data, the model will provide a planning tool for land managers who are designing fire-management plans that can balance the needs of both natural ecosystems and of the humans living around and in them. This project addresses JFSP's Task I (evaluate fire-management strategies in roadless areas), Task 3 (determine effects of fuel buildup), Task 6 (incorporate climate-change predictions into fire management), and Task 7 (develop scientific support tools for fire management). Project cooperators include representatives of Federal and State, land-managing agencies in interior Alaska, including the Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the U.S. National Park Service, U.S. Geological Survey, and Alaska Department of Fish and Game. After developing the Boreal ALFRESCO model in Alaska, our ultimate goal is to apply it to more complicated settings of the Intermountain West. Interior Alaska has relatively simple vegetation types and human infrastructures, so it is an ideal place for the initial development of an integrated model of human-fire-ecosystem interactions.

Principal Investigator: Scott T. Rupp

Agency/Organization: University of Alaska-Fairbanks

Branch or Dept: SNRAS-School of Natural Resources & Agricultural Sciences


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Layne Adams

USGS-Geological Survey

Cooperative Research Unit-MD

Co-Principal Investigator

Bruce Dale

Alaska

Fish & Game-Fairbanks

Co-Principal Investigator

Daniel H. Mann Ph.D.

University of Alaska-Fairbanks

SNRAS-School of Natural Resources & Agricultural Sciences

Co-Principal Investigator

Larry Vanderlinden

FWS-Fish and Wildlife Service

Region 7-Alaska Regional Office

Collaborator/Contributor

Brad Cella

NPS-National Park Service

Alaska Regional Office-Anchorage

Collaborator/Contributor

Dale Haggstrom

Alaska

Fish & Game-Fairbanks

Collaborator/Contributor

Marsha Henderson

NPS-National Park Service

YUGA-Yukon-Charley Rivers/Gates of the Arctic

Collaborator/Contributor

Kyle Joly

USGS-Geological Survey

ASC-Biological Science Office

Collaborator/Contributor

Mary Lynch

BLM-Bureau of Land Management

GACC-AICC-Alaska Fire Service-Ft. Wainwright

Collaborator/Contributor

George R. Theisen

BLM-Bureau of Land Management

Fairbanks District Office

Federal Cooperator

Randi R. Jandt

BLM-Bureau of Land Management

GACC-AICC-Alaska Fire Service-Ft. Wainwright


Project Locations

Consortium

Alaska


There are no project locations identified for this project.

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
    85 Ph.D. Dissertation Interaction Among Climate, Fire, and Vegetation in the Alaskan Boreal Forest (P.A. Duffy)
view or print   942 Government Publication ALFRESCO-Alaska Frame Based Ecosystem Code User Guide
    3073 Journal Article A Classification of Landscape Fire Succession Models: Spatial Simulations of Fire and Vegetation Dynamics
    2293 Journal Article Several scientific papers will be developed for publication in peer-reviewed scientific journals.
view or print   2392 Journal Article Ecological Applications
    2615 Journal Article Simulating the Influence of a Changing Fire Regime on Caribou Winter Foraging Habitat
    2616 Journal Article Analysis of Alaskan Fire Severity Patterns Using NBR Metric
    2623 Journal Article Impacts of the East Pacific Teleconnection on Alaskan Fire Climate
view or print   2624 Journal Article Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
    194 MS Thesis Quantifying Upland Boreal Forest Successional Pathways Near Fairbanks, Alaska (T.A. Kurkowski)
    78 Computer Model/Software/Algorithm ALFRESCO - A Computer based fire management and planning tool for managing wildfires in Interior Alaska.
    80 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Two training workshops with key personnel to transfer modeling program and its application to the managers.
    83 Computer Model/Software/Algorithm Computer based management tool for managing wildfires in Interior Alaska.
    2969 Computer Model/Software/Algorithm  
    2970 Dataset (including spatial)  
    2971 Dataset (including spatial)  
    2972 Dataset (including spatial)  
    2973 Training Session  
    2974 Invited Paper/Presentation Understanding the Links Between Climate, Fire, and Vegetation
    2975 Invited Paper/Presentation A Computer Model for Management of Fuels, Human-Fire Interactions, and Wildland Fires in the Boreal Forest of Alaska
    6820 Invited Paper/Presentation Future Strategies for Wildfire Management in Alaska: Fire-Climate-Vegetation Interactions in the Context of Climate Warming
    6821 Invited Paper/Presentation Fire-Climate Interactions in the Alaskan Boreal Forest
    6133 Invited Paper/Presentation Development of a Computer Model for Management of Fuels, Human-Fire Interactions, and Wildland Fires in the Boreal Forest of Alaska

Supporting Documents

There are no supporting documents available for this project.

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