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Project ID: 01B-3-1-05

Year: 2002

Date Started: 05/30/2002

Date Completed: 05/31/2006

Title: Frequency and Season of Prescription Fires to Reduce Hazardous Fuel Loads on the Lower Piedmont of Georgia: Establishing a Demonstration Area on a 12 Year-Old Study

Project Proposal Abstract: In1989 a study to quantify the long-term response to various return intervals of dormant- and growing- season prescription fires was installed on the Brender Experimental Forest in Jones CO. Georgia, about 20 miles NE of Macon. The study is comprised of 6 treatments (2-yr winter line headflre, 3-yr winter line headflre, 3-yr winter line backfire, 3-yr summer line backfire, 6-yr summer line backfire, and unburned check) replicated 4 times in a randomized block design. Each plot is roughly 2-acres in size. The plots were installed in a 70-year old mixed pine/hardwood stand comprised primarily of loblolly (Finus taeda) and shortleaf (P. echinata,) pines and various oaks (Quercus vp.) and maples (Acer sp.). This study site would make an ideal demonstration area for several reasons: 1) From a hazard reduction standpoint, the dramatic visual differences among several treatments (including fire-free interval, season of application, and firing technique) can be observed; 2) This is the only long-term fire study I am aware of in this fuel type which is one of the largest in the south, stretching from Virginia to Arkansas, and the only one in the Piedmont physiographic region; 3) There is currently much interest in the potential of prescribed fire to reduce hazardous fuels and improve biodiversity in the Piedmont, yet the Native American practice of underburning has only been operationally returned to the Piedmont for several decades and then generally only on certain federal and state lands, so opportunities to see various frequencies and seasons of burn are extremely limited and rarely occur together on the same ownership and; 5) the site is within a 1/2 hour drive of Macon and about an hour from Atlanta, the largest city in the South. I propose to contract with a company that specializes in environmental education and training to sign one replication of the plots along a paved road and design a permanent display board for the site that contains a map of the study site, photographs, study results, and a brief description of the role of fire in this ecosystem. A full-color "take-home" fact sheet will also be provided. We will also develop and maintain a web page describing this long-term study site. This study is adjacent to a trailhead with parking facilities. This proposal directly addresses JFSP Issue 3, Task 1: Develop demonstration sites in various ecosystems ... that can serve to illustrate various Jusels treatment practices or techniques..., and Task 2: Develop and implement administrative studies to determine local biological.., effects of wildland fire [or] fi.sel treatments. There is also a link to Task 3: Address local knowledge gaps that are sign fi cant to fire management plan development and implementation because this study site contains both federally and state- listed plants and animals, as well as numerous species of special concern.

Principal Investigator: Kenneth W. Outcalt

Agency/Organization: Forest Service

Branch or Dept: SRS-Ctr for Forest Disturbance Science

Other Project Collaborators




Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Dale D. Wade

Forest Service

SRS-Southern Forest Experimental Station

Federal Cooperator

Kenneth W. Outcalt

Forest Service

SRS-Ctr for Forest Disturbance Science

Project Locations

Fire Science Exchange Network


There are no project locations identified for this project.

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
    1289 Government Publication Managing Composition of Piedmont Forests with Prescribed Fire
    1290 Government Publication Prescribed Burning Research on the Hitchiti Experimental Forest
  go to website 2325 Website  
    2334 Field Demonstration/Tour  
    6893 Poster Permanent Display of Study Results and General Discussion of Prescribed Burning on the Oconee National Forest

Supporting Documents

There are no supporting documents available for this project.

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