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Project ID: 01B-3-3-01

Year: 2002

Date Started: 05/16/2002

Date Completed: 05/23/2006

Title: Effects of Fire and Rehabilitation Seeding on Sage Grouse Habitat in the Pinyon-Juniper Zone

Project Proposal Abstract: This resubmission seeks funding through RFP 200 1-3, Task 3, which is to address local knowledge gaps that are significant to fire management plan development and implementation. Throughout much of the western U.S., expansion of pinyon and juniper species into sagebrush ecosystems is altering the structure and composition of sagebrush communities and resulting in increased fire frequency, severity, and size. Increased tree densities in combination with altered fire regimes are having negative effects on both sagebrush communities and sagebrush obligates, including sage grouse, a species under consideration for listing as threatened or endangered. Maintaining and restoring sage grouse habitat is becoming a management priority, and both local and regional fire management plans will need to consider the effects of proposed actions, including prescribed fire, on sage grouse habitat. The proposed study would use the existing Great Basin Demonstration Project to examine the effects of prescribed fire and rehabilitation seeding on sage grouse habitat within the pinyon-juniper zone. It addresses the following objectives: (1) Determine the effects of fire alone on soil erosion and vegetation composition and structure of sagebrush communities over the elevational and tree density gradient that typifies the pinyon-juniper zone in the Great Basin. (2) Determine the effects of rehabilitation seeding with mixtures dominated by introduced vs. native species on soil erosion and vegetation composition and structure of sagebrush communities over the elevational and tree density gradient that typifies the pinyon-juniper zone in the Great Basin. (3) Examine the effects of fire on the survival, seedling establishment, and nutritional value of plant species used by sage grouse within the sagebrush communities typically found in the pinyon-juniper zone of the Great Basin. (4) Determine the presence, abundance, and location of sagebrush obligate bird species over the tree density and elevational gradient that typifies the pinyon-juniper zone within the study drainages, and monitor any changes that occur in patterns of use following fire. Information from this new project will be used to develop guidelines for managing fire and determining appropriate rehabilitation procedures for sage grouse habitat within the pinyon-juniper zone.

Principal Investigator: Jeanne C. Chambers

Agency/Organization: Forest Service

Branch or Dept: RMRS-Forestry Sciences Lab-Reno


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Robert R. Blank

ARS-Agricultural Research Service

Great Basin Rangelands Research Unit

Co-Principal Investigator

Erica X. Fleishman

University of California-Davis

John Muir Institute of the Environment

Co-Principal Investigator

Robin J. Tausch

Forest Service

RMRS-Forestry Sciences Lab-Reno

Collaborator/Contributor

Laurence Crabtree

Forest Service

Humboldt-Toiyabe NF-Mountain City Ranger District

Collaborator/Contributor

Dave Hanley

Forest Service

Humboldt-Toiyabe NF-Mountain City Ranger District

Federal Cooperator

Jeanne C. Chambers

Forest Service

RMRS-Forestry Sciences Lab-Reno


Project Locations

Consortium

Great Basin


There are no project locations identified for this project.

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
view or print   1352 Government Publication Fire Related Restoration Issues in Woodland and Rangeland Ecosystems
view or print   3164 Journal Article Journal of Biogeography
view or print   190 MS Thesis The Effects of Elevation, Tree Cover, and Fire on Ant Populations in a Pinyon-Juniper Dominated Watershed (E. MontBlanc)
    3550 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Prescribed Fire Affects on Soil & Plant Nutrient Dynamics in a Pinyon-Juniper Woodland
    3551 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Pinyon-Juniper Expansion and Prescribed Fire Effects on Soil in Great Basin Sagebrush Ecosystems
    3552 Conference/Symposia/Workshop "Evolving" Distributional Models for Birds Butterflies
    3553 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Understory Recovery After Spring Prescribed Fire in a Pinyon-Juniper Watershed
    3604 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Effects of Pinyon (Pinus monophylla) and Juniper (Juniperus osteosperma) Expansion and Prescribed Fire on Understory Biomass and Nutrient Concentration in Great Basin Sagebrush Ecosystems
    3605 Invited Paper/Presentation Prediction of Species Occurrence in Managed Landscapes Across Space and Time
    3606 Invited Paper/Presentation The Importance of Place, Environment, and Life History Across Taxonomic Groups for Conservation Planning in Urbanizing Environments
    3607 Invited Paper/Presentation Surrogate-Based Approaches for Predicting Species Richness of Multiple Taxonomic Groups
    3608 Invited Paper/Presentation Vegetation Dynamics and Ecosystem Changae in Great Basin Pinyon-Juniper Woodlands: Implications for the Future
    3609 Invited Paper/Presentation Managing for Sustainability - Pinyon-Juniper Expansion and Fire
    3610 Invited Paper/Presentation Findings from the Project "A Demonstration Area on Ecosystem Response to Watershed-Scale Burns in Great Basin Pinyon-Juniper Woodlands"
    5161 Invited Paper/Presentation Signal, Noise, and Taxonomic Effects in Biodiversity Patterns
    5206 Invited Paper/Presentation Management Issues in Pinyon-Juniper Woodlands
    5207 Invited Paper/Presentation Woodland and Range Ecosystems: Post-Fire Restoration Issues
    5208 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Post-Fire Recovery of Great Basin Pinyon-Juniper Ecosystems: Effects of Elevation, Tree Cover and Seeding
    5209 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Microsite and Time Since Prescribed Fires: Influence on Soil Microbiology in a Pinyon Woodland
    6446 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Early Vegetation Response to Prescribed Fire in Pinyon-Juniper Watersheds in Central Nevada
    6447 Invited Paper/Presentation Reframing Habitat Quality as a Species Response
    6448 Invited Paper/Presentation Surrogate-Based Approaches for Predicting Species Richness of Multiple Taxonomic Groups
    6191 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Selecting Effective Umbrella Species for Protection and Management: The Umbrella Species Index
    5670 Invited Paper/Presentation Pinyon-Juniper, Sagebrush, and Fire--Annual Meeting Nevada Sage Grouse Coordinating Committee

Supporting Documents

There are no supporting documents available for this project.

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