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Project ID: 01-1-5-03

Year: 2001

Date Started: 09/19/2001

Date Completed: 01/31/2007

Title: Automated Forecasting of Smoke Dispersion and Air Quality Using NASA Terra and Aqua Satellite Data

Project Proposal Abstract: Wildiand fires are a major contributor of particulate matter and other pollutants to the atmosphere. The new EPA Clean Air Act and the Regional Haze Rule require quantifying accurately the emissions of PM2.5 and other pollutants from fires and their impacts on regional haze and air quality. We propose to develop an automated system that will forecast smoke dispersion and air quality in the continental U.S. The forecasting system assimilates real-time NASA Terra and Aqua satellite data on active fire locations and burned areas into the FARSITE fire behavior model and the HYSPLIT forecast model. Our goal is to provide land and air quality managers with the capability to predict smoke dispersion and PM2.5 and other pollutant concentrations every 3 hours for the next 3-4 days. Managers can also use the information to quantify the contributions of smoke from wildland fires to regional haze and air quality. In addition, during large-scale fires, Geographic Area Coordination (GAC) centers will have up-to- date information available to assess the effects of smoke on visibility, air quality, and public health; to assist aviation forecasts; and to decide on public evacuations. Our automated forecasting system complements and strengthens other smoke modeling projects being conducted at various land management agencies.

Principal Investigator: Wei Min M. Hao

Agency/Organization: Forest Service

Branch or Dept: RMRS-Fire Sciences Lab-Missoula


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

Ann L. Acheson

Forest Service

WO-Air Quality Program

Co-Principal Investigator

Mark A. Finney

Forest Service

RMRS-Fire Sciences Lab-Missoula

Co-Principal Investigator

Bruce B. Hicks

NOAA-National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration

ARL-Air Resources Laboratory

Federal Cooperator

Wei Min M. Hao

Forest Service

RMRS-Fire Sciences Lab-Missoula


Project Locations

Consortium

Alaska

Appalachian

California

Great Basin

Great Plains

Lake States

Oak Woodlands

Northern Rockies

Northwest

Pacific

South

Southern Rockies

Southwest

Tallgrass


There are no project locations identified for this project.

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
    2733 Journal Article Comparison of Aerosol Optical Thickness Measurements by MODIS, AERONET Sun Photometers, and Forest Service Handheld Sun Photometers in Southern Africa During the SAFARI 2000 Campaign
    2666 Invited Paper/Presentation Automated Forecasting of Smoke Dispersion and Air Quality Using NASA Terra and Aqua Satellite Data
    2667 Conference/Symposia/Workshop MODIS Applications in 2003 Fire Management
    2668 Invited Paper/Presentation Forecasting of Air Quality Downwind from Large Fires in the U.S. Using Data from the MODIS Direct Broadcast System
    2669 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Daily Emissions of CO and PM2.5 From a Large Fire in the U.S. Using MODIS Data
    2670 Invited Paper/Presentation Development of a Forest Fire Smoke Emissions and Dispersion Model Using Real-Time MODIS Data
    1952 Invited Paper/Presentation Automated Forecasting of Smoke Dispersion and Air Quality in the U.S.
    1953 Invited Paper/Presentation Direct Broadcast of Fire and Smoke Derived from MODIS Data
    1954 Invited Paper/Presentation Developing an Emissions Inventory in Real-Time from Biomass Burning Using MODIS Data from the NASA Terra Satellite
    1955 Field Demonstration/Tour  
  go to website 1956 Website  
    2610 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Near Real-Time Emissions of Trace Gases and Aerosol Particles from Biomass Burning Based on MODIS Direct Broadcast Data
    2611 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Air Quality Forecasting Using Real-Time Satellite Data
    2612 Conference/Symposia/Workshop A Burn Scar Mapping Algorithm for MODIS Direct Broadcast Data
    2613 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Daily Emissions and Real-Time Plume Dispersion from Biomass Burning
    2614 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Air Quality Forecasting Downwind from Fires Using Real-Time MODIS Data
    2615 Invited Paper/Presentation Fire Monitoring and Air Quality Forecasting Using Real-Time MODIS Data
    2616 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Daily, Weekly, Seasonal and Interannual Variability of CO2, CO, CH4 Emissions from Fires in North American and its Impact on Atmospheric Chemical Composition
    2617 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Development of Daily Emission Inventories of Trace Gases and Aerosol Particles from Biomass Burning
    2618 Invited Paper/Presentation Development of Daily Emission Inventories of Trace Gases and Aerosol Particles from Biomass Burning in North America
    2619 Invited Paper/Presentation Detection of Fires and Burned Areas Using MODIS Direct Broadcast System
    1902 Invited Paper/Presentation Validation of Two MODIS Single-Scene Fire Products for Mapping Burned Area: Hot Spots and NIR Spectral Test Burn Scars
    1903 Invited Paper/Presentation Developmentof Real-Time Emission Inventory of Trace Gases and Aerosol Particles from Biomass Burning and WRF-Smoke Dispersion Model
    1904 Invited Paper/Presentation Emission Factors and Development of Real-Time Emission Inventory of Trace Gases and Aerosol Particles from Biomass Burning
    1905 Invited Paper/Presentation Using a MODIS Direct Broadcast System to Monitor Fires and Smoke and Forecast Air Quality
    1906 Conference/Symposia/Workshop A Comparison of MODIS Aerosol Optical Thickness to Hazemeter and AERONET Sun Photometer Measurements?
    7192 Computer Model/Software/Algorithm Automated Forecasting System on Smoke Dispersion and Pollutant Levels
    7193 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Application of MODIS DB Fire Data to Support Firefighting During the Northern Rockies Fires of 2003
    7194 Invited Paper/Presentation Fire Monitoring and Air Quality Forecasting Using NASA Terra and Aqua Satellite Data
    7195 Invited Paper/Presentation Forecasting of Smoke Dispersion and Air Quality Using NASA Terra and Aqua Satellite Data
    7196 Invited Paper/Presentation Fire Monitoring and Air Quality Forecasting Using Real-Time MODIS Data

Supporting Documents

The following supporting documents are available for this project.

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Brief


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