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Project ID: 01-1-3-12

Year: 2001

Date Started: 08/22/2001

Date Completed: 02/07/2007

Title: Effects of Prescribed and Wildland Fire on Aquatic Ecosystems in Western Forests

Project Proposal Abstract: Prescription burning and Fire Management Plan - approved wildland fires are increasingly important management tools used to reduce fuel loads and restore the ecological integrity of western forests. However, the effects of prescribed fires, fire suppression, and stand-replacing fires (= wildland fires) on aquatic ecosystems are not yet understood. The goal of this study is to quantify and compare the ecological consequences of (1) unburned forests (fires absent for at least 70 yrs), (2) prescribed understory fire, and (3) stand-replacement fire. Four primary stream indicators will be used: amphibians, aquatic macroinvertebrates, periphyton, and stream conditions (temperature, chemistry, discharge, sedimentation, and large woody debris). The effects of prescribed fire fuel manipulations will be evaluated in controlled natural experiments in Ponderosa Pine/mixed coniferous forests in watersheds in the South Fork Salmon basin in central Idaho and in mixed coniferous/hardwood forests in the Siskiyou Mountains in southwestern Oregon. The effects of wildland fires (1-15 years old) will be evaluated in paired creeks (burned, unburned) in (1) Big Creek drainage, Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness, central Idaho, (2) Bitteroot River drainage, western Montana, (3) Rogue River, Siskiyou Mountains near the Oregon- California border, (4) Umpqua River, southwestern Oregon, and (5) Wallowa Mountains, northeastern Oregon. The proposed research directly addresses the RFP Task 3 to determine the cumulative effects of fuels manipulation/reduction methods on wildlife population and habitat structure dynamics, and ecosystem health. The results of this study will provide critical information necessary for managers to (1) evaluate the immediate and long-term effects of alternative fire management activities on stream ecosystems, (2) assess how fire management affects the ecological integrity of aquatic ecosystems, and (3) identify potential opportunities to better manage for Threatened and Endangered aquatic species.

Principal Investigator: R. Bruce Bury

Agency/Organization: USGS-Geological Survey

Branch or Dept: FRESC-Corvallis Research Group


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

P. Stephen Corn

USGS-Geological Survey

NOROCK-Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute

Co-Principal Investigator

David S. Pilliod

USGS-Geological Survey

BRD-Snake River Field Station

Collaborator/Contributor

George Arnold

BLM-Bureau of Land Management

Medford District Office

Collaborator/Contributor

Tom Atzet

Forest Service

Rogue River-Siskiyou NF-Siskiyou Mountains Ranger District

Collaborator/Contributor

Greg Chandler

BLM-Bureau of Land Management

Medford District Office

Collaborator/Contributor

Raymond J. Davis

Forest Service

Umpqua National Forest

Collaborator/Contributor

Sam Hescock

Forest Service

Payette National Forest

Collaborator/Contributor

Anthony Kerwin

BLM-Bureau of Land Management

Medford District Office

Collaborator/Contributor

Joseph Lint

BLM-Bureau of Land Management

Roseburg District Office

Collaborator/Contributor

Christopher Pearl

USGS-Geological Survey

FRESC-Corvallis Research Group

Collaborator/Contributor

Jim Ramakka

BLM-Bureau of Land Management

Medford District Office

Collaborator/Contributor

Victoria A. Saab

Forest Service

RMRS-Southwest Forest Science Complex

Collaborator/Contributor

Katherine Strickler

University of Idaho

Taylor Wilderness Field Station

Collaborator/Contributor

Lee Webb

Forest Service

Rogue River-Siskiyou NF-Siskiyou Mountains Ranger District

Collaborator/Contributor

Sherry Wollrab

Forest Service

RMRS-Forestry Sciences Lab-Boise

Federal Cooperator

R. Bruce Bury

USGS-Geological Survey

FRESC-Corvallis Research Group

Manager/Coordinator

Erin Hyde

USGS-Geological Survey

FRESC-Corvallis Research Group


Project Locations

Consortium

California

Northern Rockies

Northwest


There are no project locations identified for this project.

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
    1068 Government Publication  
view or print   3009 Journal Article Freshwater Biology
view or print   2537 Journal Article Forest Ecology Management
view or print   2417 Journal Article Forest Ecology and Management
    1206 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Stream Amphibians: Sampling, Ecology and Management
    1207 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Fire and Fuel Reduction Effects on Wildlife in the Northwest
    1238 Field Demonstration/Tour Restoring Ecosystems: Fire Ecology, Planning and Application in Western Oregon
  go to website 1239 Website  
    1240 Invited Paper/Presentation Ecological Effects of Fire and Fuel Reduction Practices on Aquatic Amphibians in the United States
    1241 Invited Paper/Presentation Inventory and Monitoring Needs: Herpetofauna and Wildfire in the Klamath Province
    1242 Invited Paper/Presentation Headwater Amphibians: Abundance, Tolerance Limits and Recovery Rates in Forests Subject to Timber Harvest and Wildfire
    1243 Invited Paper/Presentation  
    1244 Invited Paper/Presentation Stream Amphibians: Sampling, Ecology and Management
    1245 Invited Paper/Presentation  
    1246 Invited Paper/Presentation The Challenges of Managing for Fire and Species Diversity within the Wildland-Urban Interface
    1247 Invited Paper/Presentation Rapid Assessment of Stream Amphibians
    1248 Invited Paper/Presentation Changes in Stream Amphibian Populations Following Large Fires in Idaho
    1249 Invited Paper/Presentation Research and Products/Projects on Wildlife and Fire Studies in the Pacific Northwest
    1250 Invited Paper/Presentation Effects of Wildland Fires on Stream Communities on the Payette National Forest
    1251 Invited Paper/Presentation Aquatic Chemistry of Amphibian Breeding Habitats in the Mountains of Western North America
    1252 Invited Paper/Presentation Wildfire and Fuels Reduction in Northwest Forests: Responses of Amphibians and Reptiles
    1253 Invited Paper/Presentation Out of the Caldron and Into the Fire: Amphibian Responses to Wildfires in the Northern Rockies
    1254 Invited Paper/Presentation Aquatic Chemistry of Amphibian Breeding Habitats in the Mountains of Western North America
    1255 Invited Paper/Presentation Amphibians and Fire in the Rockies
    1256 Invited Paper/Presentation  
    1257 Invited Paper/Presentation Effects of Wildland Fires on Stream Amphibian Populations in the Greater Northwest
    1258 Invited Paper/Presentation Effects of Prescribed and Wildland Fire on Stream Ecosystems in Western Forests
    1259 Invited Paper/Presentation Effects of Wildland Fire on Stream Ecosystems
    1260 Invited Paper/Presentation Wildfire Effects on Stream Communities in Idaho
    1261 Invited Paper/Presentation How Are Forest-Dwelling Amphibians Coping With the Recent Wildfires in the Northern Rockies?
    1262 Invited Paper/Presentation Effects of Burn Severity on Stream Amphibian Populations
    1263 Traning Session  
    1264 Poster  
    1265 Invited Paper/Presentation A Hierarchical Classification of Severity: A Re-Evaluation of Severity and Implications Toward Management
    1279 Computer Model/Software/Algorithm  
    5745 Invited Paper/Presentation Effects of Wildland Fires on Stream Communities
    5746 Invited Paper/Presentation Chanages in Stream Amphibian Populations Following Large Fires

Supporting Documents

The following supporting documents are available for this project.

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Brief


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