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Project ID: 00-1-2-06

Year: 2001

Date Started: 11/19/2000

Date Completed: 10/04/2004

Title: Fire Management Options to Control Woody Invasive Plants in the Northeastern and the Mid-Atlantic U.S.

Project Proposal Abstract: We address Task 2, the interaction of fire and invasive plants, regarding the northeastern and mid-Atlantic United States. Invasive plants are increasingly recognized as serious threats to biodiversity and native ecosystems in our region. Use of prescribed fire to control their spread can be counter-productive because bums are typically conducted during dormancy. A short-term reduction in stem cover is usually followed by increased population vigor within 1-2 years post-fire. Our objective is to provide to managers a scientific basis for (1) reliable control methods, (2) identification of those habitats which are especially vulnerable to invasion and a subsequent altered fire regime, and (3) prioritization for control efforts. In a replicated experiment, we will test the null hypothesis that, in response to a cut/bum/cut treatment, total available carbohydrates in roots for 4-5 woody invasive species do not differ from nearby control populations. To characterize invasible habitats, we will develop and test a survey method for fuel loads, distribution, and abundance of invasive plants. We will quantify fuel loads of invaded landscapes both before and after treatments that reduce the presence of invasive species. We will establish a system for prioritizing invasive plant populations for treatment based on invasive plant flammability, life history features, and proximity of invasive populations to (a) rare plant habitat, (b) exemplary natural communities, and/or (c) disturbance corridors. We will assess the effectiveness of treatments applied at different seasonal growth stages of target plants, and compare results to predictions based on our experimental data. We will prepare fire/invasive plant management recommendations that apply to problem plants and protected habitats in the region, and disseminate results to land managers in a regional Workshop and by print and internet media.

Principal Investigator: Alison C. Dibble

Agency/Organization: Forest Service

Branch or Dept: NRS-Northern Research Station


Other Project Collaborators

Type

Name

Agency/Organization

Branch or Dept

Co-Principal Investigator

John C. Brissette

Forest Service

NRS-Northern Research Station

Co-Principal Investigator

William A. Patterson III

University of Massachusetts

Department of Environmental Conservation

Co-Principal Investigator

Julie Richburg

University of Massachusetts

Department of Forestry & Wildlife Management

Collaborator/Contributor

David W. Crary

NPS-National Park Service

Cape Cod National Seashore

Collaborator/Contributor

Mark J. Ducey

University of New Hampshire

Department of Natural Resources & the Environment

Collaborator/Contributor

Neil Gifford

The Nature Conservancy

Albany Pine Bush Preserve

Collaborator/Contributor

Bryan Gorsira

NPS-National Park Service

Manassas National Battlefield

Collaborator/Contributor

Linda Gregory

NPS-National Park Service

Acadia National Park

Collaborator/Contributor

Katherine O'Brien

FWS-Fish and Wildlife Service

Rachel Carson NWR

Collaborator/Contributor

Diane Pavek

NPS-National Park Service

Center for Urban Ecology

Collaborator/Contributor

Thomas Phillips

Forest Service

Green Mountain NF-Manchester Ranger Station

Collaborator/Contributor

Gerald Smith

BLM-Bureau of Land Management

Battle Mountain District Office

Collaborator/Contributor

Richard Vollick

FWS-Fish and Wildlife Service

Sunkhaze Meadows NWR

Collaborator/Contributor

Edward Wenschhof

NPS-National Park Service

Antietam National Battlefield

Federal Cooperator

Alison C. Dibble

Forest Service

NRS-Northern Research Station

Federal Fiscal Representative

Theresa McElwee

Forest Service

NRS-Northern Research Station


Project Locations

Consortium

Lake States


There are no project locations identified for this project.

Project Deliverables

Final Report view or print

("Results presented in JFSP Final Reports may not have been peer-reviewed and should be interpreted as tentative until published in a peer-reviewed source.")

  ID Type Title
view or print   83 Ph.D. Dissertation Timing Treatments to the Phenology of Root Carbohydrate Reserves to Control Woody Invasive Plants (Julie Richburg)
view or print   1754 Government Publication The Effect of Growing Season Treatments on Invasive Woody Plant Species
view or print   3145 Journal Article Vulnerability of Forested Habitats to Invasion by Unwanted Vegetation
    2288 Journal Article Does the Lack of Reference Ecosystems Limit our Science?
view or print   2289 Journal Article Fuel Characteristics of Forests Invaded by Non-Native Plants in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic U.S.
view or print   2290 Journal Article Enhancing Oak Regeneration Habitat: Effects of Fire Upon Seedlings and Competing Vegetation in Maine
view or print   2490 Journal Article Journal of Forestry
view or print   168 MS Thesis Characteristics of Fuel Beds Invaded by Smilax rotundifolia (Mike Ohman)
    100 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Urban Forestry Center Workshop
view or print   5349 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Natural Resource Network Using Fire to Control Invasive Plants: What’s New, What Works in the Northeast 2003 Workshop Proceedings
view or print   7157 Conference/Symposia/Workshop Forest Science in Practice

Supporting Documents

There are no supporting documents available for this project.

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